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International Journal of Human Resource
Management and Research (IJHRMR)
ISSN 2249-6874
Vol. 3, Issue 1, Mar 2013, 63-72
© TJPRC Pvt. Ltd.

A STUDY ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN COOPERATIVES
ANIL KUMAR SONI1 & HARJINDER PAL SINGH SALUJA2
1

Research Scholar, Govt. V.Y.T. Auto. PG College, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India 2

Professor, Govt. V.Y.T. Auto. PG College, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

ABSTRACT
Human resources development is an important component for the success of any organization. Human resource management plays a crucial role in the implementation of strategic management in cooperatives. It has, however, not been accorded the importance it deserves in the cooperative institutions. The existing organizational design of most of the cooperatives does not conform to the basic principles of human resources management of a sound institution. The cooperatives are generally headed by a committee of elected members, who are not necessarily professionals. The cooperatives will have to evolve sound personnel policies encompassing proper manpower planning and assessment. It is necessary to evolve scientific staffing norms. There should also be a conscious policy for developing the second line of management in all key functional areas. Conscious and well specified HRD principles in crucial areas like recruitment, placement, training, career progression, managerial grooming, etc., are lacking in most of the cooperatives. There was no evidence of an objective system involving professional guidance for recruitment in cooperatives in several states. Therefore, it is necessary to study on human resource development in cooperative. This paper attempts to analyze the human resource development in cooperatives. A diagnostic research design (theoretical analysis) is followed in the present study. Empirical results show human resource management and development in cooperatives are is not effective.

KEYWORDS: Human Resource Development, Cooperatives, Management, Training, Education, NCUI INTRDUCTION
According to the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) 2007, Change Management Survey Report, “the top two obstacles encountered during the major organizational changes are communication breakdown and employee's resistance.” India moves towards progressively ‘Knowledge Economy’. Skills and knowledge are the important driving forces of economic and social development of any Country. The Eleventh Five Year Plan focused on advancement of skills and these skills have to be relevant to the emerging inclusive economic growth of rural India. Cooperative is one of the sectors, which renders services to the poor people and uplifts the socio-economic status of members. A cooperative organization is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically controlled enterprise. Since its inception of the movement, there is need for creating awareness and acceptance of human resource development to achieve the organizational goals and objectives. The cooperatives are considered to be one of the strong instruments to involve the available human resources as well as explore the potentials for employment generation. HRD activities in cooperatives will need to be much more systematically organized with a long range perspective. Cooperatives must realize that enlightened members, competent office bearers and employees are their own need and no one from outside may be expected to support activities to build such human resources for them. A highly competent motivated team of employees and office bearers and enlightened and empowered members should be the mission of the HRD policies in cooperatives.

64

Anil Kumar Soni & Harjinder Pal Singh Saluja

CONCEPT OF HRD IN COOPERATIVES
The significance of professional management in cooperatives has been introduced after the globalization of Indian economy. Sustainable human...
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