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January 28, 2011


Masturbation is defined as “sexual stimulation of a person's genitals, usually to the point

of orgasm”(Is Masturbation Normal). The stimulation can be performed manually, by other types

of bodily contact (short of sexual intercourse), by use of objects or tools, or by some combination

of these methods. Self-masturbation is a common form of sexual stimulation. Masturbation with

a partner (called mutual masturbation), is also common.

Men and women have techniques and characteristics in common, but also have specific

preferences in the ways they like to masturbate or be masturbated. Studies have found that

“masturbation is frequent in humans of both sexes and all ages, although there is

variation”(Masturbation). Acts of masturbation have been celebrated in art worldwide since

prehistory. “While there was a period (ranging between the late 18th and early 20th centuries)

when it was subject to medical disapproval and social traditionalism, it is considered a normal

part of healthy life today”(Masturbation). There have been masturbation marathons and health

service slogans such as "an orgasm a day keeps the doctor away" (Is Masturbation Normal). It is

commonly mentioned in popular music as well as on television, in films and in literature.

Ways of masturbating common to members of both sexes include pressing or rubbing the

genital area, either with the fingers or against an object; and stimulating the penis or vulva with

electric vibrators. Members of both sexes may also enjoy touching, rubbing, or pinching the

nipples or other erogenous zones while masturbating. Both sexes sometimes apply lubricating

substances to intensify sensation.
Gutierrez 2

Often people will call upon memories during masturbation. Masturbation activities are

often ritualized. Various charms can also play a part in the masturbation ritual. Some people get

sexual pleasure by inserting objects, such as urethral sounds, into the urethra, a practice known

as urethral play or "sounding"(Masturbation). Other objects such as ball point pens and

thermometers are sometimes used, although this practice can lead to injury and/or infection.

Some people masturbate by using machines that simulate intercourse.

Men and women “may masturbate until they are close to orgasm, stop for a while to

reduce excitement, and then resume masturbating”(Female & Male Masturbation) . They may

repeat this cycle multiple times. This "stop and go" build-up can achieve even stronger orgasms.

Rarely, people quit stimulation just before orgasm to retain the heightened energy that normally

comes down after orgasm. Doing this could lead to temporary discomfort due to pelvic


Female masturbation techniques include “a woman stroking or rubbing her vulva,

especially her clitoris, with her index and/or middle fingers”(Female & Male Masturbation).

Sometimes one or more fingers may be inserted into the vagina to repeatedly stroke its frontal

wall where the g-spot is located. Masturbation aids such as a vibrator or dildo can also be used to

stimulate the vagina and clitoris. Many women caress their breasts with the free hand.

Lubrication is sometimes used during masturbation, especially when penetration is involved, but

this is not universal and many women find their natural lubrication sufficient. Women can

sexually stimulate themselves by crossing their legs tightly and clenching the muscles in their

legs, creating pressure on the genitals.

Male masturbation techniques are influenced by a number of factors and personal

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