Master Thesis

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UNIVERSITY OF NORTH-CAROLINA-WILLMINGTON. HOCHSCHULE BREMEN

Development of Inland Waterway Transport: Necessary Considerations When Converting Navigable Rivers into Inland Waterways in Northeast Ecuador Regions Master Thesis- International MBA

Lauren Guidry
08/02/2013

Inland waterways are becoming a more important mode of transportation, as countries are trying to reduce emissions of fuel and energy, while building their economies. As Ecuador continues to develop their economy the use of inland waterways will become a necessary means of transportation in order to move goods and people within the country and trade between neighboring countries. The future logistics for this country will change as growth continues. The literature review section will review the inland transportation and relationship to economic growth. Further research will assess the key considerations needed when investing in infrastructure on navigable rivers. The methodology will focus on a multiple case study analysis to provide examples of developments of inland waterways in several countries. This research will provide suggestions for a regulatory framework with case studies from Africa, which can be used for Ecuador to convert their current rivers into navigable inland waterways used for transportation.

Development of Inland Waterway Transport

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page DEVELOPMENT OF INLAND WATERWAY TRANSPORT: NECESSARY CONSIDERATIONS WHEN CONVERTING NAVIGABLE RIVERS INTO INLAND WATERWAYS IN NORTHEAST ECUADOR REGIONS 1. 1.1 1.2 1.3 2. 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.5.1 2.5.2 2.5.3 2.5.4 2.5.5 2.6 2.7 3. 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 4. 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 INTRODUCTION Growing Importance of Transportation Thesis Intention Organization of Thesis LITERATURE REVIEW Inland Transportation Major Modes of Inland Transportation Accessible Waterway Systems Relationship of Inland Transportation and Economic Growth Necessary Considerations to Develop Rivers into Navigable Waterways Investment Institutions Policy IWT Regulations on Waterways Treatment of Indigenous Groups Problem Statement and Research Questions Proposition and Solution METHODOLOGY Case Study Approach Building Blocks Used as Measurements in Matrix List of Findings as Building Blocks Assessing the Context CASE STUDY AS MATRIX Selection Process for Case Studies Case Studies: Converting Natural Rivers into Navigable Inland Waterways Case Study 1: Nigeria

I 1 1 4 5 6 6 10 12 16 19 20 20 23 24 25 26 27 29 29 32 33 36 37 37 39 40

Master Thesis

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4.2.2 4.2.3 4.2.4 4.2.5 4.2.6 4.3 4.4 5. 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 6. 6.1 6.2 7.

Case Study 2: South Sudan Case Study 3: Democratic Republic of Congo Case Study 4: United States 1975 Case Study 5: Colombia Case Study 6: Peru Building Block Matrix Applied to Case Studies Conclusion of Case Studies DEVELOPING INLAND WATERWAYS IN ECUADOR Developments in Transportation across Western South American Region Regional Trading Partners and Goods Traded Ecuador’s Inland Waterways Comparison of Investments in Inland Waterway to Road Infrastructure Applying Learning to IWT in Ecuador CONCLUSIONS AND FINDINGS Process for Converting Rivers to Use for Transportation Future Research BIBLIOGRAPHY

45 53 59 64 70 75 76 80 80 83 88 96 98 104 104 107 D

ANNEX
Annex 1: Annex 2:
Annex 3:

Reference Pictures List of Abbreviations
Contacted Sources for Thesis Information

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TABLE OF FIGURES
Page Figure 1: Figure 2: Figure 3: Figure 4: Figure 5: Figure 6: Figure 7: Figure 8: Figure 9: Figure 10: Figure 11: Figure 12: Figure 13: Figure 14: Figure 15: Figure 16: Figure 17: Figure 18: Figure 19: Figure 20: Figure 21: Figure 22: Figure 23: Figure 24: Figure 25: Alternate Transportation Mode Comparison Measuring Sustainable Developments Short Term Economic Effects from Infrastructure Building Activity PPP Investment Projects in Transport...
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