Mass, Volume, and Density Lab
The purpose of this lab was is to find the mass and volume of an object. Then to find the density of the object using the measurements of the mass and volume.
Equipment:
scale
graduated cylinder

Hazards:
dropping object into graduated cylinder too fast may cause it to break
Procedure:
First get out the equipment that will be needed. Make sure to have about 5 objects that can fit inside a graduated cylinder easily, preferably metals. Also be in a room with water available.

Get the object and set it on the scale (obviously if the scale is electronic, it must be turned on first). Record the mass of the object in a data table. Do this with several objects.
Next fill the graduated cylinder with enough water to cover the object. Record this amount. Then, slowly drop the object in to the graduated cylinder. What is the amount now? Record it. Now, subtract the first volume from the second one. Record this amount in the data table under the volume section. Also do this with several objects, make sure to use the same objects that masses were recorded and do it in the same order.

Now, take the numbers in the data table and follow this equation to get each objects density: d= M/V. The M stands for mass, the V stands for volume, and the d stands for density. Record this information in the data table also.

Observations/Data/Tables:
SEE DATA TABLE.

Conclusions:
The lab was about the relationships between the mass, volume, and density of different objects. If an object has a larger mass than its volume, it will have a larger density than an object with a smaller mass than its volume.

Improvements:
The more accurate the scale the more accurate the answer for your mass. With volume, if it was measured by taking the length, width, and heighth of each object...

...Density, Mass and VolumeDensity is the measure of how tightly the particles of a substance are packed into a given volume.
L=1cm
B=1cm
H=1cm
Aluminium=1cm3
Volume=lbh
Volume= 1cm*1cm*1cm
Volume= 1cm3
Iron 1cm3
1cm3 of iron would be however than 1 cm of aluminium. The density of the iron cube would be greater than the density of the aluminium cube. One explanation from that is that the particles/molecules in the iron cube are more tightly packed than the particles in the aluminium cube
The density of a particular substances is always the same, no matter how large or what shape the piece of substance is. For example, the density of lead is always 11.3 g/cm3
Density= Mass/Volume
Table showing densities of some common materials
Material
Density(g/cm3)
Gold
19.3
Mercury
13.6
Lead
11.3
Sliver
10.5
Aluminium
2.7
Rubber
1.1
Water
1.0
Cork
0.24
Air
0.0013
Measurement
Meaning
Symbol
S.I./Metric Unit
Density
This is a measure of how tightly the particles of a substance are packed into a given volume
ρ
g/cm3
Kg/m3
Volume
This is the amount of space that an object takes up occupies
V
Cm3
M3...

...Lee
Density
February 29, 2013
Block: 4
Purpose:
Practice techniques and calculations for determining volume and density.
Safety:
Wear goggles and a lab apron or coat.
Equipment & Materials:
* Block
* Graduated Cylinder
* Water
* Solution A
* Pennies
* Dropper Pipette
* Film Canister
* Metal Shot
* Calculator
* Weighing Boat
* Beaker
Observations & Data:
Observations: Part F
Description of Ice in WaterThe ice is floating under the water line. | Description of Cork in WaterThe cork also floats, half of the cork is below the water line and half is above. |
Description of Ice in AlcoholThe ice did not float; it sunk and went all the way to the bottom. | Description of Cork in AlcoholThe cork floats, more than half is below the water line and a little above. |
Data: Part A
Item | Value |
Length of Object | 8.5 cm |
Width of Object | 5.5 cm |
Height of Object | 1.5 cm |
Mass of object | 61.29 g |
Data: Part B
Item | Value |
Mass of Object | 29.25 g |
Volume of Water in Graduated Cylinder before Object Immersed | 60 mL |
Volume of Water in Graduated Cylinder after Object Immersed | 60 mL |
Data: Part C
Item | Value |
Mass of Empty Graduated Cylinder | 44.96 g |
Mass of Graduated Cylinder and Solution A | 79.29 g |...

...The Calculation of Density By Division of Mass and Volume
Max M. & Emily O.
09/08/13
Introduction/ Purpose/ Objectives
The purpose of this lab was to experimentally determine the density of three unknown objects, and to identify the objects based on their densities. A list of accepted chemical density values was given to identify these unknown compounds. A variety of simplelab techniques were used to obtain quantitative values for these unknown objects like the use of a digital analytical balance to obtain mass, or the measurement of volume by direct observation of a graduated cylinder and by use of a Vernier caliper. Because density is an intrinsic property of matter we are able to calculate and identify elements of matter by measurements of these extrinsic values. Thus proving density to be a fundamental property of matter.
Materials
Three objects of unknown density. 1 metal cylinder, metal shots, unidentified liquid.
digital analytical balance
vernier caliper
100mL graduated cylinder
50 mL graduated cylinder
pycrnometer
tap water
Methods
Experiment A. Determining the density of a metal cylinder.
1. Determining mass. select a metal cylinder from among those provided. Be sure that the selected cylinder is dry and clean of all debris....

...and Brad Steward
9/18/2014
Physics I Lab
Dr. Abdalla
Measurement of Length, MassVolume and Density
Introduction:
All science is concerned with measurement. "MEASUREMENT" is the determination of the size or magnitude of something "Or" The comparison of unknown quantity with some standard quantity of the same rates is known as measurement. Due to this fact we have standards of measurement. Since the precision of all measuring instruments is limited, the number of digits that can be assumed as known for any measurement is also limited. When making a measurement, read the instrument to its smallest scale division. Accuracy of a result or experimental procedure can refer to the percentage difference between the experimental result and the accepted value. The stated uncertainty in an experimental result should always be greater than this percentage accuracy. In this experiment we will measure length, Mass, Volume and Density using different tools.
Equipment’s:
1) Vernier caliper
2) Triple beam balance
3) Steel cube
4) Cylinder including (Aluminum, brass, copper)
Theory:
The goal of the first part of this experiment is to determine the densities of a number of cylinders, and gain an understanding of how different measurement techniques can affect the reliability of experimental results.
Procedures:
We measured the length, mass, and...

...Determination of Length, Mass, and Density
Table of Contents
1 – Introduction ……………………………………………........…. Page 3
2 – Theory ………………………………………………………...... Page 3
3 – Experimental Procedure and Results …...………………..…. Page 6
4 – Discussion ………………….……………………….....….…… Page 9
5 – Conclusion ………………………………………….....…….... Page 9
6 – Bibliography …………………………………………......… Page 10
1- Introduction
The purpose of this experiment is to learn how use a variety of tools that will aid in the gathering of data. This data is then used to calculate different measurements including, volume and density. The experiment will also further understanding of measurement errors using the data collected.
2 – Theory
Along with the use of tools for basic measurements this laboratory practice introduces the students to the use of significant figures and some error analysis. Some basic calculations of volume, area and density will be used too.
2.1 - Significant Figures and Error Analysis
Significant figures are the digits required to express a number to the same accuracy as the measurement it represents. There are several rules for counting significant figures; such as, the nonzero integers are always counted, zeroes can be leading, captive and trailing. Leading zeroes are any zeroes that come before the nonzero numbers. Captive zeroes are the zeroes that can be found between nonzero...

...Study Guide
Chart
Solids
Liquids
Mass
Definition
Unit
Unit
Methods
the amount of matter in a given
space
g
g
Measuring Mass Directly
Finding Mass by Difference
Measuring out a Substance
Volume
the amount of space an object
takes up
cm3
mL
Measuring Volume Directly
Calculating Volume by Formula
Water Displacement Method for Small, Irregularly Shaped
Objects
Water Displacement Method for Large, Irregularly Shaped
Objects
DensityMass
the amount of matter in a given
space
g/cm3
g/m
L
D=M/V
amount of matter in an object
Matter-is anything in the universe that has mass and takes
space
Triple Beam Balance-measures the mass of an object
Finding Mass Directly
1. Zero out the triple beam balance.
2. Place the object on the pan of the triple beam balance
scale.
3. Move the riders (starting with the 100g and ending
with the 1g)(move one at a time-make sure) until the
balance pointer rests at zero.
4. Add the measurements on all the riders and record
the quantity in g.
Finding Mass By Difference
1. Zero out the triple beam balance.
2. Find the mass of the empty container.
3. Find the mass of the container with the liquid.
4. Subtract the container’s mass from the total mass to get the mass of the liquid.
5. Record the measurement...

...
Period 0
DensityLab
Purpose
The purpose of the lab is to find out the density of stoppers, the density of a 100% sucrose solution, and to figure out the density and the percentage of sucrose in the unknown solution. To find out the density, the mass and volume needs to be measured for all three. Then, the mass will be divided by thevolume. To find out the percentage of sucrose in the unknown solution, there has to be a comparison between the density of the unknown solution and the densities of different percentages of sucrose solutions.
Results
Density of Stoppers
Trial
Mass of Stopper (g)
Volume of Stopper (mL)
Density (g/mL)
1
6.0
4.9
1.2
2
4.1
3.2
1.3
Average Density
1.3
Density of 100% Sucrose Solution
Trial
Mass of Sample (g)
Volume of Sample (mL)
Density (g/mL)
1
49.4
44.2
1.12
2
61.0
54.1
1.13
Average Density
1.13
Density of Solution
Trial
Mass of Sample (g)
Volume of Sample (mL)
Density (g/mL)
1
55.4
52.1
1.06
2
32.5
31.1
1.05
Average Density
1.06
Actual Density for Different Percentages...

...Introduction
In the densitylab unknown metals were weighed using beakers filled with water and an electronic scale. First the metal objects were weighed using an electronic scale. Then using water, the beakers were filled half way. Next, the metal objects were poured in. Then the amount of how much the water rose after the metal was put in is checked. Lastly, record the data and clean the objects used and put away.
Design
Research question: Ifmass and volume are correctly measured can the density of an unknown metal be calculated.
Variables:
Controlled: Water, Electronic Scale, Graduated Cylinder
Dependent: Density; Mass and Volume
Independent: Metal(s)
Method
Apron, Goggles, Electronic Balance, Beaker, Graduated Cylinder, water, unknown metal samples
Labeled Diagram
Uncertainties: Electronic Balance ± 0.01g
Hexagon ± 0.0mL Graduated Cylinder ± 1.0 mL
The independent variable is measured based off the how much the water rises.
The dependent variable is measured when the Initial Volume is subtracted from the final volume, which gives the density of the metal sample.
Controlling the Controlled Variables: The water and electronic scale were controlled. These materials were controlled because the amount of water put into the graduated cylinder could differ, and if the...

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