Mass Media Influence the Younger Generation

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The influence of the Media on Children Counseling 448 Interventions and Advocacy for Children The Media Is a Significant Environmental Influence Time spent watching TV by age/per week: Children aged 2-5 average 25 hours Children aged 6-11 average 20-28 hours Children aged 12-17 average 23 hours "By adulthood (18 yrs}most Americans have spent more time in front of the television set than in school, and far more than they have spent talking with their teachers, their friends and their parents." Time Spent Watching Television Takes away from important activities such as; Reading School work Playing Family Interaction Social Development Knowing the difference between fantasy and reality Children who watch Television Are more likely to: Have lower grades in school Read fewer books Exercise less: High Couch Potato Index Be overweight Use television as an escape from reality Be less imaginative See violence as an appropriate way to solve interpersonal problems Respect and Antisocial Respect for authority, respect for self, and respect for others is negatively affected by television: The average child will watch 8,000 murders on TV before finishing elementary school By age 18, the average American has seen 200,000 acts of violence on TV, including 40,000 murders Television can be a powerful influence in developing value systems and shaping behavior Comparisons of Six Major Arousal Hypothesis Social Learning Theory Disinhibition Hypothesis Aggression Reduction Cognitive Processing Theory Attitude Change Theory Arousal Hypothesis Proponent Tannebaum: Exposure to television violence increases aggression because violence increases excitation or

"arouses" viewers Both physiological arousal and level of behavior will vary depending on whether a film sequence ends on an exciting note or concludes with blander depictions Social Learning Theory Proponent: Bandura ' the most influential sources of research on television and aggression Ways of behaving are learned by observing...
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