Mass Media in United States of America
For our ordinary life information is very important. We need information about local, home and international political, social and sports events. The biggest and most important source of information is The Mass Media. To media belongs newspapers and magazines, radio, television, books and nowadays very important source of information is internet. In ancient times these sources were not so important as in this modern age.
The power of press in the USA is enormous. The U.S. Constitution guarantees freedom of press and the press media act as a check on governmental action.
The largest daily newspapers published in the USA are The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times (which was published in 1851 by Henry Raymond), The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, The Chicago Tribune and many others. All these are serious „quality papers“ or broadsheets, which offer more serious information about politics, home and national news, also information about sport, art, music...But it does not offer only government information as some foreigners believe.
The New York Times is ranked as „the worlds top daily.“
There are state, city, and local newspapers. The national newspapers are very important and there are several good local newspapers. But some people read only one of the quality national newspapers. A few of the best-known newspapers such as The Wall Street Journal can be found throughout the country. Yet, one wouldn’t expect The Milwaukee Journal to be read in Boston, or The Boston Globe in Houston. There has been one attempt to publish a truly national newspaper – USA Today.
The most popular are tabloids, which are more popular than broadsheets. Articles in these papers are not very long and serious, they usually have huge pictures, they use strip cartoons and humorous drawings and reacting for some political events. They have a big sport page and offer information about TV-programs, pop-stars, competitions, advertisements and bring some home news. The most popular tabloid in US is USA Today.
The largest American newspapers also collect and sell news, news features and photographs to many other newspapers in the USA and abroad.
American newspapers get much of their news from large news agencies just like newspapers of other countries of the world. The two U.S. news agencies are there: AP (Associated Press) and UPI (United Press International). These agencies have strict rules. These prevent newspapers from changing the original AP and UPI news stories too much and still claiming these agencies as their source. And also the International News Service we can include to the largest international agencies of the English-speaking countries.
There is no official or government-owned news agency in the U.S., there are no official or government-owned newspapers. There is no state censorship, no „official secrets act.“
Reading the Sunday paper is an American tradition. There are 762 Sunday newspapers in US !!! Two media giants – Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearts, who compete each other – began building their newspaper empires after the American Civil War (1861 – 1865). They restored to „yellow journalism“ – sensational reporting and their aim was to attract readers. And according to Joseph Pulitzer The Pulitzer Price is the most prestigious appreciation for journalists which afford yearly.
There are over 11 000 magazines published in the United States. They cover all topics and interests and some also have international editions, e. g. National Geographic or Vogue.
Radio, television and stations
There is great number and variety of different types of radio and TV stations in the USA. All radio and television stations in the United States of America must be licensed to broadcast by the Federal Communication Commission (FCC), which is an independent federal agency. Each license is given for a...
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