Mass Media in Modern Russia

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 35
  • Published : February 25, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND EDUCATION OF RUSSIA
SIBERIA POLYTECHNIC NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

“Mass Media in modern Russia”

Prepared by Ivan Cherezov
Prepared for: Mr. Salatov D.

Siberia 2011
Contents

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………………… 4

1. Stages of development of the Russian mass media …………………………………. 6 1.1. Russian mass media as the tool of democracy ………………………………... 6

1.2. The Russian law on mass-media of 1991 ……………………………….…….. 7

1.3. Disputes around of the new law and returning of censorship ……………….… 9

1.4. Strengthening the rights of mass-media and their restriction ……………….… 11

2. Mass-media in Russia after 2000 ……………………………………………………... 12

2.1. Role of the state in becoming of mass media ……………………………….…..12

2.2. Latent forms of the state intervention …………………………………………..13

2.3. Monitoring by authority of regional editions ………………………………….. 15

2.4. Necessity of changes for sphere of mass media …………………………….…. 16

Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………………….... 18

Literature …………………………………………………………………………...…….. 21

Introduction

It is necessary to consider information needs of the modern person as need for messages of the certain maintenance and the form which are necessary for people for orientation in the surrounding reality, specifications of a the world-outlook, for a choice of a line of conduct and the decision of problem situations, for achievement of internal balance and coordination with the social environment. Without satisfaction of these needs purposeful reasonable activity of the person is impossible. Therefore a degree of development of information needs and their satisfactions are closely connected to social activity of the person. As the data of sociological researches show, information needs in groups of an audience with the maximum degree of social activity are most intensively advanced and realized: members of elective bodies, public organizations, non-staff authors of mass-media, etc. It once again confirms the importance of inclusion of information needs in the number of criteria of efficiency of mass media their role in satisfaction of the population. Thus it is necessary to distinguish concepts information needs and thematic interests of an audience. Information needs are social by the nature and they are also caused first of all by the maintenance, the structure of daily activity of the individual, including his objective characteristics professional and public work. Thematic interests are the subjective reflection and the expression of information needs. They depend on the maintenance of the offered information and from situational social-psychological factors (such, as popularity, topical character, prestigiousness of the certain themes, persons, the phenomena, etc.). Not all the information needs are realized by the subject and are expressed in his thematic interests and communication behaviour; some of them remain not realized and consequently non-realized for the lack of necessary data, insufficiency of sources of the information, backwardness of communicative skills, etc. As well as any other needs, information raises the activity of people. If they are not satisfied with the messages transferred by mass-media the audience or searches for the necessary information in other channels, or suppresses need for such information, and, hence, the activity in this sphere. Therefore it is important to know, how the satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) of the certain information needs can affect character and efficiency of daily activity of people, on their activity in various spheres of a public life. In fact the influence of radio and TV on public consciousness is measured not by number (or even quality) of pictures and ability of these means to induce a person or a social group to join in activity of a society at various levels - from a direct, nearest environment before social movements of a...
tracking img