Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

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1. Introduction
“Each of us has our own set of needs that motivate our communication and our responses to messages. While not everyone’s priorities are identical, our needs resemble one another’s” (Steinberg, 2007:22). This assignment will discuss Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. It will look at real life examples of each component. It will also identify and explain each component. An appropriate diagram will be given to support my answers. At the end of this assignment one should have a full understanding of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. 2. Explanation of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

In 1958 a well-known psychologist, Abraham Maslow (1908-1970), composed a motivational theory called “Maslow’s hierarchy of needs”. This theory suggests that when a human beings needs are met one will function most effectively. Maslow also believed that needs have to stay unsatisfied to motivate ones behaviour. In the hierarchy there are five levels. These levels are survival, safety, social, esteem and self actualisation. These five levels are presented in a pyramid (Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, 2001). Physiological needs are at the lower four levels of the pyramid and one psychological need right at the top. The needs in the lower levels need to be met first before the higher levels can be satisfied. Today Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is still valid in understanding human motivation, management training and personal development (Puckett, 2011). Maslow’s hierarchy illustrates how ones inner needs motivate one to communicate (Steinberg, 2007: 22). Maslow’s hierarchy is only a theory and might not apply to everybody. The circumstances of an individual will determine their needs. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is merely a basic guideline.

2.1. Survival
According to Maslow the basic of all needs is survival. This need includes the need for air, water, food, clothes, shelter, sleep and the reproduction of the species. These needs are essential for the existence of...
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