In 1943, Abraham Maslow developed a theory in psychology known as the Hierarchy of Needs. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is mostly often used as a pyramid, as shown on the title page. One of the many interesting things that Maslow noticed, is the layers of physiological needs, safety and security needs, the needs for loving and belonging, esteem needs, and self-actualization, in that order(working from the bottom layer of the pyramid up).
The physiological needs include the basic needs that are vital to survive such as, food, sleep, air, and water. Maslow felt that these needs are the most basic needs and are also the most instinctive needs for the hierarchy, because all needs become less important until the physiological needs are met. When physiological needs are largely taken care of, the second layer, or the safety and security needs layer, comes into play. You will become more and more interested in finding safe circumstances, stability, and protection. You might develop a need for structure, for order, or some limits. In the ordinary American adult, this set of needs marked themselves in the form of our urges to have a home in a safe neighborhood, a little job security, a good retirement plan, a bit of insurance, and so on. When physiological and safety needs are mostly taken care of a new layer starts to show, this is the love and belonging needs layer. You begin to feel the need for friends, a sweetheart, children, affectionate relationships in general, and even a sense of community. The negative side to this is that you can become extremely subject to loneliness and social anxieties. In our everyday life we show these needs with our desires to get married have a family, be part of a community, a member of a church, a member of a social club, and it’s also a part of what we look for in a career. Next, we look for a little self-esteem. Maslow noted two versions of esteem needs, a lower one and a higher one. The lower one is the need for the respect of...
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