2.3 Explain how current practice is influenced by Theories of development and frameworks to support development.
Maslow believed that everyone has fundamental needs that must be met in order for each person to reach their full potential. These needs include warmth, food and shelter as well as demonstrations of love and having their confidence and self-esteem boosted. In a Play School setting we can achieve these needs by caring for the children in a certain way. We can ensure that the setting is kept at a comfortable temperature, we provide a healthy and nutritious snack for them and we make the hall as welcoming and clean as possible.
To help the children on a psychological level, we must ensure they are all given plenty of attention, and that we allot time to each individual child to work with them on a one-to-one level. To help us do this efficiently a key worker is assigned to each child, and this person is responsible for ensuring that each child meets the requirements laid down in EYFS. We strive to form strong relationships with each child, so that a bond of trust is built. We can then ensure that we help every child to reach their full potential.
Bandura created a theory which supposes that children learn from watching others. They do not need to be taught directly, but will and observe and mimic what those around them are doing. This is a natural process and does not require the coercion of an adult. This way of learning is known as observational learning.
In our setting we can create an environment where observational learning can take place. Importantly we must behave in a polite and positive manner at all times. The children will see this and learn that this is the best way to interact socially.
During registration time, we encourage our children to sit together on the floor and answer questions, talk about the week’s themes, etc. The newer children find it difficult to join in at first, but after a few sessions...
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