Fundamentals of Interpersonal Communications – 107
April 18, 2013
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs defines the motivations of communication in five levels. The most basic level of needs is Physical needs for survival. This includes air, food, and sex. Things an individual needs to survive would be quite basic. Babies cry if they are hungry or in pain so others will respond by feeding them or helping them with pain. Without this form of communication, babies could become very sick or even worse, die. Older adults use this same form of communication to explain to doctors how they are feeling and what type of symptoms they are having. It is also proven that cancer patients who are married live longer than single cancer patients. Heart disease is also found to be more common among people who lack interpersonal relationships. Arthritis patients who have support also have fewer symptoms than arthritis patients who don’t. Safety and protection needs for example, shelter. When foods or products have been recalled we rely on communication by reading news papers and listening to the news to take proper actions. When bad weather such as hurricanes and tornadoes are approaching we rely on sirens to warn us to take shelter. Say you have a broken toilette and it is leaking all over your bathroom floor, you must contact a plumber or your landlord to fix it. Belonging needs, often called Social needs (illusion and fun) include our desire to be with and communicate with others. Friendship is a way to satisfy the belonging need for acceptance and affirmation. If belonging needs are not met, individuals will lack the ability to interact with others on a human level. Self-esteem needs include the need to be accepted and accepting others. As children we are told that we are pretty or ugly, smart or stupid, and good or bad. A child that has a parent that is positive and supportive of the child, will most...