CATHERINE OF ARAGON
Name: Catherine of Aragon (first wife of henry VIII)
DOB: 15 December 1485
DOD: 7 January 1536 (at Kimbolton Castle)
Status: widow of Arthur Tudor/married to Henry VIII (marriage was annulled in 1533)
Married: 11 June 1509
Royal connections: King Ferdinand (father), Queen Isabella (mother),King Henry VIII (husband until 1533) , Queen Mary Tudor (daughter)
Role: Mother to Mary Tudor, wife to Henry Tudor VIII
Motto: “humble and loyal”
Early Life: Catherine was the daughter of King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain. She was born in Spain, but was sent to live in England at a young age as she w betrothed to Aurthur Tudor (the older brother of Henry VII) who was meant to become king of England ( succeeding his father). At 14 she married Arthur, however he died 6 months after the marriage. However, so as to keep the alliance anglo-espanic alliance she later married Henry VII, Arthur’s younger brother (when she was 23 and he was 17).
Responsibilities to Henry: Produce a male heir Contribution to religious policies: Wanted to stay catholic
Fell out of favour: because she couldn’t produce a male heir ( if she did they died in the womb or shortly after birth)
In the end: Henry divorced her. She was banished from court, and was moved around England, castle to castle, separated from her daughter. She died aged 50.
Name: Thomas Wolsey
DOB: (unsure but sometime in 1475)
DOD: 29 November 1530
Married: 11 June 1509
Role: Cardinal, statesman, Henry VIII's lord chancellor and one of the last churchmen to play a dominant role in English political life.
Responsibilities to Henry: lord chancellor, englands foreign policy, arranging the field of the cloth of gold, henry wanted him to ask the pope for an annulment to his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, as he wanted to remarry (but wolsey was unable to, which led to his downfall)
Contribution to religious policies: Was chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury, efficient administrator, archbishop of York and a Cardinal
Fell out of favour: because he couldn’t get the pope to agree to an annulment of Henry VIII’s marriage to Caterine of Aragon
In the end: Was arrested in November 1530 and accused of treason. He died on the 29th of November 1530, at Leicester on his journey to the south to face trial
Name: Thomas More
DOB: 7 Febuary 1478
Married: Jane Colt & Alice Middleton
Religion: Roman Catholic
Role: Humanitarian, Lord chancellor to henry VIII, speaker of the house of commons, member of the privy council, had a knighthood, under-treasurer of the exchequer, secretary and personal advisor to the king and chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster Responsibilities to Henry: secretary and personal advisor
Contribution to religious policies:
Fell out of favour:
In the end:
Name: Thomas Cromwell
DOB: around 1485
Nationality: English (from Putney south east London)
Married: unknown, but thought to be a clothworker
Role: He spent much of his early adulthood in Europe as a soldier, accountant and merchant, but returned to England in around 1512 and studied law. In 1520, he became legal secretary for Cardinal Wolsey (who was in service to Henry VII)I. When Wolsey fell out of favour with the king, Cromwell survived and in 1523 he became a member of parliament.
Responsibilities to Henry: Chief Minister Contribution to religious policies: A main person who suggested Henry make himself the head of the Church of England
Fell out of favour: Because In 154 he persuaded Henry VIII to agree to marry Anne of Cleves (so as to gather the support of the north German princes against...
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