Mary Styles Harrs

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The Journey Inside
4 .1
Introduction to Computers

Lesson 2: Four Components of a Computer
Directions: Use the http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/ExploreTheCurriculum/ website to complete the units in this series. Choose Intro to Computers on the gray menu bar. Choose Lesson 2 on the left side of your screen and complete the questions below after reading the paragraph, watching the video, and completing Activity 1. 1. Both a toaster and a computer have physical parts you can touch such as the keyboard and mouse which are called _hardware_________ 2. The computer has something that enables it to figure out what to do with the input you give it: ___software______. 3. You __can’t ___ touch software.

4. The _____microprocessor________ is the device in the computer that performs most of the tasks we ask the computer to do. The computer is ______unlimited______ in the things it can do.

5. According to the video the bread is the raw data that is ___input____, the dial on the toaster was the information ________storage_____, toasted bread was compared to __processor__________ raw data, and finished toast was the __output______.

PC Camera
Input

Printer
Output

Optical drive
Scanner
Input
Microprocessor
Processing
Hard drive
Ram
Storage
Motherboard
All
Rom
Storage

Keyboard
Input

Mouse
Input
Speaker
Output
Microphone
Input

Directions: For Activity 1 in Lesson 2 write the name of each picture on the lines provided below and label it input, output, processing, storage, and/or memory (except motherboard). Activity 1: Which Does What?

Lesson 3: How Computer Get Input
Directions: Use the http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/ExploreTheCurriculum/ website to complete the units in this series. Choose Intro to Computers on the gray menu bar. Choose Lesson 3 on the left side of your screen and complete the questions below after reading the paragraph, watching the video, and completing Activity 1. 1. Computers are information processing __machines___________.

2. Clicking information processing and write the definition: ___ Capturing, storing, updating and retrieving data and information._________________________

3. Before you can change a sentence with your computer you first have to get the sentence _into your computer__ 4. ______input______ devices are used to put information in your computer.

5. List the 4 input examples the site gave: ___keyboard______, ____microphone______, __mouse__________, and PC Camera____________.

6. In ______1945___ the first general purpose computer was built and data was input by flipping ____switches________ and plugging _wires_______.

7. This first computer was called the Electronic________ Numerical____________ Integrator___________ and Calculator______________.

8. Another way scientists used to have to input data was to punch holes in _cards_________.

Lesson 4: How Computers Store Information
Directions: Use the http://educate.intel.com/en/TheJourneyInside/ExploreTheCurriculum/ website to complete the units in this series. Choose Intro to Computers on the gray menu bar. Choose Lesson 4 on the left side of your screen and complete the questions below after reading the paragraph, watching the video, and completing Activity 1.

1. In the example given a telephone is a __input______ and output device while an answering machine is a storage device.

2. To store the information you give them computers use two basic kinds of storage abbreviated RAM___ & ROM___

3. ___Random_____ Access_________ memory is for new information in temporary storage which is actively being used for processing and is constantly changed and ___erased_______.

4. Long-term storage, ____Read_______ _____Only_____ memory is for information computers use again and again, such as the instructions the computer prepares itself with every time you turn it on and it does not accept new...
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