Firstly, it is necessary to examine in detail what Marx viewed as a typical capitalist state, or what was known at the time as the bourgeoisie state. In the 19th century capitalism began to emerge as the favoured economic system in newly established democratic states. Marx recognised the positives of capitalism, unifying nations while strengthening the bureaucratic state which in turn, sped up the democratic movement. He noted that the ‘gigantic boom of the French Revolution…swept away all the relics of bygone times thus clearing…the last hindrances to the modern state edifice’ (Carver, 1996:181). He also recognised that at first, capitalism’s main aim was ‘emancipation from feudalism,’ which he would have favoured (Carver, 1996: 183). However, Marx was a huge critic of... [continues]
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