Martyrdom of Rizal

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Martyrdom at Bagumbayan

During the last 24 hours of Rizal’s life, he was meeting visitors in his cell in fort Santiago, Where he is secretly finishing his farewell poem. He is also destined to die for his beloved country which he called “Pearl of the Orient Seas” in his poem and “Pearl of the Orient” in an article “Unfortunate Philippines” in The Hongkong Telegraph on September 24, 1892.

Last Hours of Rizal

At 6:00 A.M. of December 29, 1986, Captain Rafael Dominguez, read the death sentence to Rizal who would be shot at the back by a firing squad at 7:00 A.M. in Bagumbayan.

At 7:00 A.M., Rizal was moved to the prison Chapel where he was visited by Father Miguel Saderra Mata and Father Luis Viza, a Jesuit teacher.

At 7:15 A.M., Rector Saderra left. Rizal Reminded Fr. Viza of the statuette of the Sacred Heart of Jesus which he had carved as an Ateneo student. Fr. Viza then gave the statuette to Rizal. Rizal happily received it and placed it on his writing table.

At 8:00 A.M., Fr. Antonio Rosell arrived to relieve Father Viza. He and Rizal had breakfast together. Lt. Luis Taviel de Andrade came and Rizal thanked his services.

At 9:00 A.M., Fr, Fedirico Faura arried and reminded Rizal that he would someday lose his head for writing the Noli.

At 10:00 A.M., Fathers Jose Vilaclara (Rizal’s teacher at Ateneo) and Vicente Balayuer9Jesuit missionary in Dapitan) visited Rizal. After them, Santiago Mataix, a Spanish journalist for the newspaper “El Heraldo de Madrid,” intervied Rizal.

From 12:00 A.M. to 3:00 P.M., Rizal was left alone in his cell where he finished his farewell poem and hid it inside his Alcohol cooking stove, which was given to him by Paz Pardo de Tavera( Wife of Juan Luna) in Paris in 1890. At the same time, Rizal wrote his last letter to Proffesor Bluementritt in German where he told him that he would leave a book for Bluementritt as a remembrance.

At 3:00 P.M., Father Balaguer dicussed with Rizal about his...
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