Martin Luther: The Founder of Lutheranism

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 1655
  • Published : November 6, 2008
Open Document
Text Preview
In late 1524, the Holy Roman Empire was shocked when peasants, craftsmen, and poor soldiers suddenly revolted against them, pilfering and killing innocent people. This was in part due to the religious upheaval known as the Reformation when many critics of the Catholic faith challenged the political order and religious authority of the church. Reformation was due in part thanks to Martin Luther, who founded Lutheranism, sparking the revolution among the peasants. It was also due in fact to the social classes in the sixteenth century Holy Roman Empire where autocratic rulers, in order to keep their life of luxury, upped the cost of living for the peasants. Some of the causes contributing to the Peasant Revolution were the dissatisfaction among peasants and oppression of the lords and princes while some of the responses were either favorable or unfavorable “We will not allow ourselves to be oppressed by our lords but will let them demand only what is just and proper according to the agreement between lords and peasants.” Sebastian Lotzer proclaimed this on March 1, 1525, echoing many of the sentiments of the peasants who believed that they were being unjustly treated by the nobles. The peasants of the time believed that they should have compensation for their work and that the peasants should help lords when it was necessary. These demands were also echoed in the Peasant Parliament of Swabia to the Memmingen Town Council and they also came from peasants. Because of this, it is reasonable to assume that these were widely accepted beliefs by the peasants of the area. Peasants were dissatisfied with their way of life, claiming that the rich should share what they had with the poor as they both social classes because Christ had redeemed both the peasants and the Emperor with His blood. This shows a deep resentment that the peasants held against the rich and how deeply religious the peasants were at the time. Before the revolts started, life for the peasants...
tracking img