Martin Luther King and Civil Right Movement

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INTRODUCTION

During decades Blacks were considered as slaves and servants for white people, they have been segregated, marginalized and humiliated because of the color of their skin.

The explosion came on December 1955, when a black woman called Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat to a white man and was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama. The Local Civil Rights Leaders were hoping for such opportunity to resist and call for action with the help of a young Baptist minister called Dr Martin Luther King who was after elected as the president of the Local NAACP. They led the black boycott of buses in 1955-1956 which was successful than anyone hoped so they gained a major victory in 1956 when the supreme court decision was that of banning segregated buses. This victory was one of the numerous achievements by Luther King.

It is obvious that Martin Luther King played a major role in Civil Right Movement however there are people who think that he wasn’t the leader of the movement but just a facilitator to it.

In my discussion I will consider his important goals and achievements as a prominent leader of this movement and in the second part I will gave arguments that he wasn’t always present and that his interests and perspectives had changed after a few years.

I. Martin Luther King as a leader of Civil Right Movement:

King along with some clergymen from other cities formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference which advocated nonviolent and passive resistance as the means of securing equality for African Americans.

In August 28, 1963 King led the famous March on Washington sponsored by the SCLC. The march brought together more than 200,000 blacks and whites side by side calling for equal access to public facilities, quality of education and descent housing for African Americans, that’s when King delivered his Speech “I Have a Dream”. The march also helped to assure the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the year King was...
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