Martin Luther Dbq-Ap European History

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Justine Chapel
November 19, 2012
AP Euro P3
Martin Luther DBQ

By the 1500’s many issues shows signs of disorder within the Church. The idea of selling indulgences (forgiveness for sin) for clergy benefit began to negatively spread throughout the people, along with opposition to pluralism (holding more than one office). This sparked many attempts to reform the church through individual groups, one of which being the Brotherhood of Common Life. One of their accomplishments was starting schools for the poor, in which educated none other than Martin Luther. By the time he became a priest, many people had already failed to reform the church. When Martin Luther entered Rome, he briefly supported the church before realizing the hidden corruption, and his optimism towards converting the Jews was accounted for before realizing their stubborn views of God. While his loving ideas towards peasants turned into hatred of rebellion, it proved to be a consistency because he had always believed peasants belonged in their place. These ideas changed due to the naïve spirit he entered with before being awakened by the truth. Martin Luther noticed definite room for improvement within the Roman Church, however it did not start out in that sense. He entered Rome already supporting faith from scripture alone, and he even praised Pope Leo X, for conveying God’s works of charity into the priests’ words, showing his once fully supportive tone towards the church (Doc 2). In 1520, he completely contradicted this by saying “This pope, Leo X, is Satan, the Antichrist,” in his writing called “Against the Execrable Bull of the Antichrist.” This complete turnaround proves his change of ideas toward the pope after experiencing Rome (Doc 9). But what could cause such a drastic change in opinions? The answer of this question lies in the fact that his statement in 1520 was nine years after he entered Rome. During this time, his eyes were opened to the corruption that fell within the Church,...
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