Adopt a Disease Outline
Alexandrea Mcgaha, Latisha Webb, Shuntella Wynn
November 27, 2012
Adopt a Disease Outline
Hepatitis is a multifaceted disease with the intention of primarily affecting the liver. The liver is a major body organ that must function properly in order for the entire body to work. If the liver shuts down, the body can only live a couple of days. The liver is a storage place for iron, vitamins, and sugar that the body needs for energy. The liver also helps cleanse the body of waste products, poisons, and drugs that could potentially harm the body. When Hepatitis attacks the liver it affects the liver’s abilities to store iron, vitamins, and sugar. Hepatitis also disrupts the process of cleansing the body of waste products, poisons, and drugs. Knowing the meaning, the symptoms, different types, treatment options, and prevention measures of Hepatitis will Give people a better understanding of why safety precautions should always be taken.
I. Hepatitis at a glance
A. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver.
B. Hepatitis can be divided into to different categories of Hepatitis. 1. Viral Hepatitis can be spread from person to person. 2. Non-Infectious Hepatitis can not be spread from person to person and is usually caused by an outside agent; such as, alcohol.
II. Different Types and Diagnosing
A. Types of Viral Hepatitis
1. Hepatitis A is contracted by the coming in contact with something that has been in contact with feces of an infected person.
2. Hepatitis B is transmitted by exposure with punctures of the skin where body fluids or blood come in contact with each other. This includes sexual contact, tattoos, or drug-use (needles).
3. Hepatitis C is contracted too by exposure to body fluid or blood through sexual contact, tattoos, or drug-use (needles). Hepatitis C can also be contracted by blood transfusion or long term kidney dialysis.
4. Hepatitis D is only contracted if a person has Hepatitis B. It is more common in men having sexual contact with other men or a mother being infected while pregnant.
B. Non-viral Hepatitis
1. Alcoholic Hepatitis occurs when a person drinks alcohol at dangerous
levels that eventually causes liver damage.
2. Drug-induced Hepatitis occurs when a person takes medication though
causes an onset of Hepatitis.
3. Autoimmune Hepatitis is a genetic Hepatitis that usually contracted
through family history.
4. Hepatitis E occurs when someone drinks water that contains fecal matter from an infected person. Hepatitis E is not chronic, but can cause large outbreaks in countries with poor sanitation.
C. Diagnosing Hepatitis
1. In order to diagnose Hepatitis several factors have to come into play. A. Liver function must be evaluated. B. Albumin level must be checked to determine if the flow of the liver moving minerals and nutrients in the bloodstream is running properly.
C. ALP, ALT, and AST enzymes must be checked and monitored to ensure that the liver is converting food to energy efficiently.
d. Bilirubin is checked because can cause Jaundice if liver is not working well.
e. Hepatitis Panel must be conducted to determine how the liver is functioning....