Martial Law

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  • Topic: Philippines, Ferdinand Marcos, People Power Revolution
  • Pages : 2 (639 words )
  • Download(s) : 649
  • Published : March 18, 2011
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By definition, Martial Law is the temporary superimposition of military government over civil government. This military-run government is put into place in the event of war or serious national emergencies. During such times, the military and its accompanying superiors take over the executive, legislative and judicial functions normally delegated to the civil government by virtue of its constitution. As a consequence, the writ habeas corpus, or the right of an individual in custody to be brought to court to determine whether such incarceration is lawful, may be suspended indefinitely. This suspension of individual rights denies the person due process of law. Many reasons can be brought forward to explain why a government can bring forth such a Draconian system on its populace. The are cases when civil unrest, such as this case of civil war, threaten to unravel a peaceful and productive soviety. In such cases, maybe the imposition of Martial Law can be justified. However, there are situations in which such measures are taken in order to cater to selfish and corrupt desires to remain in power. September 21 1972, President Ferdinand Edralin Marcos, President of the Republic of the Philippines signed Proclamation No. 1081, placing the entire country under his firm grasp. On that fateful day, the course of Philippine history would be changed forever, signaling the start of a new fight for freedom, not against a foreign invader, but a mad dictator blinded by absolute power. Under the guise of insurrection and by staging of several bogus "ambushes" on members of the cabinet, Marcos manipulated, ever tailored events to justify the imposition of Martial Law. He cited rebel factions, seditious Communist elements and Muslim extremists as reasons for his decision. In truth, many of the said elements were disgruntled citizens who were fed up with the corruption of the Marcos government, decided to take matters into their own hands. Anyone who lived during that period of...
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