Daruca, Janelle O.
“The threat of a communist takeover loomed. The increasing number of rallies and demonstrations, communist atrocities, bombings and bomb threats became more confusing. In September 1972, then Defence Minister Juan Ponce Enrile was reportedly ambushed by communists while in his car, killing his driver but leaving him unscathed. The assassination attempt (which was later revealed as staged by the government), along with the growing threat of the New People's Army and citizen unrest, gave Marcos enough reason to declare martial law on September 21, 1972 by virtue of Proclamation No. 1081.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martial_law_in_the_Philippines
Though it was enacted many years ago before I came into being, Martial Law has never been new to me. By reading history notes and watching clips of the past, movies and plays, I have known what the law really is, its purpose, its consequences, and its effect to the Filipino people at that time. As stated above, the Philippines was experiencing societal disarray and here came the Martial Law to lessen it. Stressing the need for extra powers to quell the rising wave of violence allegedly caused by communists, I, at first, believed that Martial Law was really for the nation that time. The declaration issued under Proclamation 1081 suspended the civil rights and imposed military authority in the country. By doing such, the government prevented civil unrest such as civil wars which is a threat in unravelling a peaceful and productive society. Most Filipinos--or at least those well positioned within the economic and social elites--initially supported the imposition of martial law since the rising tide of violence and lawlessness was apparent to everyone. However, as the time moved past, the effect of Martial Law seemed to be violent to most of the citizens. As what I have read, a new constitution has been formed, yet lacks from provisions of social justice and human...
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