Alyssa E. Maurer
Poland is located in Central Europe just east of Germany. It borders Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, and Ukraine. The climate is temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent showers and thundershowers. The terrain Tue 6:11 PM
MARKET ENVIRNMENT ANALYSIS
Physical and Political/Legal Environments
Poland is located in Central Europe just east of Germany. It borders Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Lithuania, Russia, and Ukraine. The climate is temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent showers and thundershowers. The terrain is mostly flat plain with mountains along the southern border. Historically, Poland is an area of conflict because of this flat terrain and the lack of natural barriers on the North European Plain. They have 63.1 cubic kilometers of total renewable water resources as of 2005. This is the sum of the internal renewable water resources and natural incoming flow originating outside the country, taking into account the quantity of flow reserved to upstream and downstream countries through formal or informal agreements. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/pl.html. Their natural resources are coal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, and arable land. Poland’s Freshwater withdrawal including domestic, industrial, and agricultural is, is 11.73 cu km per year. This is the annual quantity of water removed from available sources for use in any purpose. The domestic use refers to water supplied by public distribution systems. The Industrial portion is the water used by self-supplied industries not connected to a public distribution and the agricultural sector use is used for irrigation and livestock watering, not dependent on rainfall. Since 1989, the environment in Poland has improved due to a decline in heavy industry and increased environmental concern by post-Communist governments, however, pollution is still a major issue. Forest damage is caused by sulfur dioxide emissions from coal- fired power plants, which results in acid rain. Water pollution from industrial and municipal sources is also a problem, as well as disposal of hazardous wastes. Although a huge cost to business and government, the pollution levels should continue to decrease as the industries bring their facilities up to EU code. The current political structure in Poland consists of of a council of ministers led by a Prime Minister, typically chosen from the majority coalition in the bicameral legislature's lower house. The President is elected every 5 years, and no individual may serve more than two terms. The President is the head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The constitution of the republic of Poland is the supreme polish legal document and the basis of the political system of the country http://en.poland.gov.pl/The,Constitution,384.html. It was approved by a national referendum on May 25, 1997. The constitution establishes Poland's democratic norms and checks and balances among the president, prime minister, and parliament. It also determines the relationships between the legislative, executive and judiciary powers, while continuing to guarantee civil rights and freedoms. http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/2875.htm. They have a civil law system which changes gradually as it is being introduced as part of broader democratization process and there can be unexpected changes in laws and regulation within Poland. Their legal system protects the acquisition and nature of property, but the judiciary is slow in resolving cases and is prone to political interference. Bribery and abuse of public office are punishable under criminal code, but systematic corruption still exists. As far as regulatory efficiency goes, measures have been taken to further streamline business start-up procedures and facilitate private-sector development, but the pace of reform has slowed. It still takes...
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