Mark the Adventure of H. Finn - Short Revison (Racisn, Naturalism and Society)

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Mark Twain was a prominent figure in the American Realist movement.

One of Twain’s great achievements was the use of first-person narration in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884). For this reason, Ernest Hemingway said in The Green Hills of Africa (1935) that “All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry Finn.” The ADVENTURE OF HUCLEBERRY FINN in short ;)

The novel is essentially the tale of a runaway, Huck, who teams with a runaway slave, Jim, on an improvised and ultimately failed attempt to find freedom. As the story begins, Huck is constrained by the social order and false piety of St. Petersburg and the Widow Douglas and her sister Miss Watson. When his father reappears (in chapter five) to claim Huck’s part of the treasure found at the end of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, he abducts Huck and brings him back to a life outside society. Because of his father’s abusive ways, Huck decides to run away, which he does by designing his own murder (chapter 7). Huck’s journey changes radically when he finds the runaway slave Jim on Jackson’s island (chapter 8), and the two quickly become dependent upon one another as they make their way down the river. Jim’s hope to escape to freedom and to rescue his wife and children from slavery form an underlying tension in the novel as Huck is forced to face the reality that he is helping a slave escape a system that is not and has not been a threat to him. As they are swept along by the river’s current, soon the two have journeyed past the free state of Ohio and have been drawn deeper into the South. Along the way, Huck and Jim face their own demons as well as a series of external threats from a corrupt and parsimonious society, including the Grangerford and Shepherdson feud, the arrival of the con men the Duke and the King and their several scams, the Sherburn episode, and (with the aid of Tom Sawyer) an attempt to free Jim from bondage after he is imprisoned at the Phelps farm. Finally, after a harrowing and absurd escape plot, Tom Sawyer delivers the news that Jim has already been manumitted and Huck once again faces the possibility of social constraints from Aunt Sally Phelps, who wants to adopt him. He announces his intention to flee into the West, but it not clear in the novel about whether this is a real possibility


Put a, b or c under proper name:


a) X, Huck’s companion as he travels down the river, is a man of remarkable intelligence and compassion. X has one of the few healthy, functioning families in the novel. Although he has been separated from his wife and children, he misses them terribly, and it is only the thought of a permanent separation from them that motivates his criminal act of running away from Miss Watson. X could be described as the only real adult in the novel, and the only one who provides a positive, respectable example for Huck to follow. b). From the beginning of the novel, Twain makes it clear that X is a boy who comes from the lowest levels of white society. His father is a drunk and a ruffian who disappears for months on end. X himself is dirty and frequently homeless. X’s instinctual distrust and his experiences as he travels down the river force him to question the things society has taught him. X’s natural intelligence and his willingness to think through a situation on its own merits lead him to some conclusions that are correct in their context but that would shock white society. For example, X discovers, when he and Jim meet a group of slave-hunters, that telling a lie is sometimes the right course of action. c) X is the same age as Huck and his best friend. X believes in sticking strictly to “rules,” most of which have more to do with style than with morality or anyone’s welfare. Although X’s escapades are often funny, they also show just how disturbingly and unthinkingly...
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