- Established in 1914 after the Titanic disaster , put in force in 1915. * The Convention in force today is sometimes referred to as SOLAS, 1974, as amended. * The main objective of the SOLAS Convention is to specify minimum standards for the construction, equipment and operation of ships, compatible with their safety. * Fire
* Fire Defined: Heat & light that result from the combustion of materials * It’s useful as long as we’re able to control it.
* Otherwise it will be devastating.
* The Fire triangle:
1-Fuel ( combustion material)
2-Temprature raises to flash point*
3- Enough amount of Oxygen.
* “Flashpoint” is the temperature in degrees Celsius (closed cup test) at which a product will give off enough flammable vapour to be ignited, as determined by an approved flashpoint apparatus. * SOLAS Chapter II-2
- Fire protection, fire detection and fire extinction
* The fire safety objectives of this chapter are to:
.1 prevent the occurrence of fire and explosion; .2 reduce the risk to life caused by fire; .3 reduce the risk of damage caused by fire to the ship, its cargo and the environment; .4 contain, control and suppress fire and explosion in the compartment of origin; and .5 provide adequate and readily accessible means of escape for passengers and crew. * 2 In the following basic principles underlie the regulations in this chapter and are embodied in the regulations as appropriate, having regard to the type of ships and the potential fire hazard involved: .1 division of ship into main vertical zones by thermal and structural boundaries; .2 separation of accommodation spaces from the remainder of the ship by thermal and structural boundaries; .3 restricted use of combustible materials;
.4 detection of any fire in the zone of origin;
.5 containment and extinction of any fire in the space of origin; .6 protection of means of escape or access for...