Marine Biology Research Paper

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  • Topic: Ocean, Marine biology, Dolphin
  • Pages : 5 (1904 words )
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  • Published : April 15, 2013
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Nicole Wager
Mueller
English 9 pre-AP, p.6
7 May 2012
Marine Life Dangers
As the end of school draws near, and summer gets closer with every ticking second, kids and teens are ready to be set free from school. Now they’ll be spending all their time with friends, hanging out at places like the movies, the mall or maybe even the beach. At the beach, they’ll have a fantastic time playing volleyball and looking at the cute sea animals off the pier, but when the days over and it’s time to leave they get rid of their trash in the nearest possible place, the ocean. Those people don’t realize that they just threatened or even possibly killed one of the adorable marine animals that they saw earlier. Throughout California, hundreds of marine life animals are harmed each year due to pollution, fishing nets, and many more human made problems, in the ocean; therefore, MAR (Marine Animal Rescue) is rescuing as many marine animals as possible to simplify the problem at hand here. Thru many beaches along the southern Californian coast, marine animals are being entangled in fishing nets and getting sick from water pollution. The North Atlantic Right Whale is being researched because of mysterious reduction in species number, which scientists think many factors that contribute to the declining numbers are: collisions with boats, entanglement in fishing gear, failure to reproduce (from oil spills and toxins),and unprotected feeding grounds (“Threatened and Endangered Species”). When an animal is trapped in netting, it can cause much damage to itself: suffocation, cuts and bleeding, and more; and when surrounded by pollution, marine animals can become very sick and intoxicated. “For over 20 years, Marine Animal Rescue (formerly Whale Rescue Team) volunteers have come to the aid of entangled or beached whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions and sea birds along the Californian coast” (“Marine Animal Rescue”). MAR is working diligently to try and help this problem with poor suffering marine life. Over 21 years ago, Peter Wallerstein founded MAR, to replace an inadequate system of marine animal rescue with an effective, efficient and kindhearted system providing every animal with the highest possible chance of survival (“Marine Animal Rescue”). An example of the hard work being put into the solution is the Buoy Gillnet Rescue story. “Not only did the small sea lion have yards of gull netting tangled around its neck, but it also had somehow trapped itself on a bell buoy outside King Harbor in Redondo Beach when a length of the net’s thread-thin blue fiber wrapped around a screw.” On attempting to rescue the trapped sea lion, the MAR crew was having many difficulties: ocean currents, swells and wind, and trying to keep the boat steady and close enough to the buoy (Grossber). Wallerstein and lifeguard Hiro Haskett jump aboard the buoy, with dangers from the slick algae, they could slip and hit their head at any moment, and make their way towards the sea lion and start untangling it. They got the sea lion detached from the buoy and into a rescue net right as the boat driver, lifeguard Phil Navarro, made another pass by the buoy and they hoisted the seal aboard and climbed on the boat saving the little seal. Pollution is also another harming factor to marine animals. “Whales are no longer hunted, but they are threatened by our waste products. They become entangled in discarded fishing nets and suffer from oil spills. They are also exposed to pollution released into the sea from factories“(Bingham). “Pollution sources at sea include accidental and deliberate discharges of oil, operational dumping of garbage (particularly plastics), and controlled dumping” ("Enviro Facts - Marine Pollution."). A northern fulmar carcass was found on a beach in Washington, with fifty-nine plastic pieces inside of it, weighing more than sixteen grams (Burns). “Oil in or on the water is extremely dangerous to wildlife. For instance, when an animal lands in an area...
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