Marine and Terrestrial Ecosystem in Nukapu Island

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GE201 Assignment 1

Raywin Taroaniara

Nukapu Island, Solomon Islands: A case study of the Islet Terrestrial and Marine Ecosystem.

This essay is on the case study of the Terrestrial and the Marine Ecosystem of Nukapu Island. The island is one of the fourteen Islands in Temotu Province the easternmost part of the Solomon Islands, approximately about 1mile in length with a narrow width along with a huge extensive coral reef (fig. 1)and is located at the latitude 10o08’18’’S and longitude 165o05’03”E [ (Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) ]. This island is at the distance of 20km away from Santa Cruz the main bigger Island in Temotu Province and located alongside the other atoll islands (Nupani, Matema, Pileni, Makalumu, Nifiloli) [ (Seach, 1989) ]. There were about 110 people living on the island, most of them are old people and younger children. Most of the people have moved to settled in some other parts of Santa Cruz in order to get better education, medical attention and get along with the modern life since they can not make proper connection with the other bigger island because of its isolation. The island got its name only when the first bishop of Melanesian, Bishop John Coleridge Patteson was murdered by an islander in 1871 [ (Seach, 1989) ]. The islanders earned income by selling their sea resources and depend mostly on the sea and land recourses for their survival; the soil there was good enough to produce root crops through out the whole year despite the rainy seasons and frequent disasters. This essay will focus on the terrestrial ecosystem and then will move on to look on the marine ecosystem. Since these is an atoll island there is no fresh water ecosystem and most of the fresh water that the people on the island is from the rain, by making a catchment form roof tops and to the tanks supplied by the community service (rotary, world vision)....
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