ENG 2001 01
May 15, 2012
Marijuana Legalize and Taxed
In today's society Americans are suffering from increased destruction due to the never-ending war against drugs. Government officials make promising speeches to advocate tougher drugs laws. This war against drugs has not accomplished anything. Legalization and taxing is an option that should be considered to show how legalizing and taxing marijuana will put end to this cycle. It is very important to understand the effect of cannabis (marijuana) and its history. Forty-three million American use drugs regularly, despite the federal government efforts to enforce the law, destroy illegal crops, seize illegal drugs, make arrests, and educate people about the harmful effect of the drugs. Many people feel that crime would be reduced if drugs were legalized. A conversation of how legalization might affect crime is followed by a look at the over-burdened criminal and judicial systems charged with enforcing the law in the face of overwhelming drug-related criminal activity.
Marijuana has been used as an agent for achieving euphoria since ancient times; it was described in a Chinese medical reference traditionally considered to date from 2737 B.C. Its use spread from china to India and then to N Africa and reached Europe at least as early as A.D. 500. The first direct reference to a cannabis product as a psychoactive agent dates from 2737 B.C, in the writing of the Chinese emperor Shen Nung. The focus was on its powers as a medication for rheumatism, gout, malaria, and oddly enough, absent-mindedness. Mention was made of the intoxication properties, but the medicinal value was considered more important. (Boire, 1998, p. 105) In other countries marijuana is being used for recreational purposes, Muslims also was using marijuana until it was banned by the Koran. (Boire, 1998, p. 24) Marijuana has been used for many centuries.
The earliest known documentation was 3727 BC, in China, which is also, as far as can
be traced, the country of origin. Marijuana was recognized as a intoxicating drug, but it was widely used for its medicinal properties, particularly in the treatment of malaria, rheumatism, gout and absent-mindedness. However, once marijuana made its way to India, it was used almost exclusively as a recreational drug. Hash (another name for marijuana) product became extremely popular, as the knowledge of hash making spread across Iran and into North Africa. The progression of the marijuana plant crossed the continents gradually, from China to India, to North Africa, to Europe, arriving there approximately around 500 AD. The Spanish carried marijuana aboard ship to the New World in 1545. By 1611, it had become a staple crop in JamestownUnited States. (Zimmer, 1997, p. 297) In the 1990's, medical marijuana usage gained a foothold, becoming widely effective – for treating the symptoms of various diseases, including cancer, hepatitis, and glaucoma, along with irritable bowel syndrome and depression. By the turn into the 21st century, individual states had begun to recognize marijuana as an effective medicine, and they began to decriminalize and or legalize marijuana usage for certain medical patients, for these particular medical conditions. By 2005 many states had also changed the guidelines of the laws on possession, usage, and cultivation, so that many previous felony charges are now misdemeanors. And the laws continue to change, daily. By the late 18th century, early editions of American medical journals recommend hemp seeds and roots for the treatment of informed skin, incontinence and venereal disease. (Terkel, 1988, p.65) Irish doctor William O'Shaughnessy first popularized marijuana medical use in England and America. As a physician with the British East India Company, he found marijuana eased the pain of rheumatism and was helpful against discomfort and nausea in cases of rabies,...