Marc Antony

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ulian Caesar came from a noble family, Julii Caesares, which belonged to the patrician clan Julii. The patrician clan, or gen, was a member of the original aristocracy of Rome that had governed it since the 4th century. Even though Julii Caesares were believed to have been founded by the goddess Venus, the family was distinct in that it was humble and was progressive as opposed to being conservative. However, at the time of Caesar's birth, the influence of the patrician gens had waned significantly such that being born of the gen prohibited one from holding the office of tribune of the plebs, which was a paraconstitutional but extremely powerful office. This was partly because members of the gen were relatively poor (Toynbee, 2011).

On the other hand, Mark Antony was not only related to the patricians on his mother's side, but he was relatively closely related to Julius Caesar through the same ties. Antony shared his name with both his father and grandfather. His father was also a military man and had acquired the name Creticus for his military operations in the Crete Island (Bidian & Grant, 2011). His grandfather was a famous consul and censor because of his great oratory skills.

As influential military men in their day, both Caesar and Antony worked together during the concluding phase of Caesar's successful military campaign to conquer central Gaul between 54 BC and 53 BC and later northern Gaul between 52 BC and 50 BC. Antony would serve under Caesar during the military conquests and would later in 52 BC hold the position of quaestor in Caesar's administration - a powerful position of financial administration and which guaranteed the holder a lifetime place in the Senate (Bidian & Grant, 2011).

The two men would extend their unison in the war front throughout the period of the civil war between Caesar and Pompey, which broke out in 49 BC. Besides being tribune of the plebs, Antony commanded Caesar's army that drove Pompey out of the Italian peninsula...
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