Project submitted to
Dr. avinash samal
(faculty: political science)
Project submitted by
(political science, minor)
HIDAYATULLAH NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY
TABLE OF CONTENTS
MEANING AND DEFINITIONs OF DEMOCRACY6
* WHO ARE THE PEOPLE?
* HOW SHOULD THE PEOPLE RULE?
* HOW FAR SHOULD Popular RULE EXTEND?
DEFINING REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION9
MERITS OF REPRESENTATION AND PARTICIPATION11
COMPARITIVE STUDY OF DEMOCRACIES12
Building a better Indian democracy16
At the outset, I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude and thank my teacher, Dr. Avinash for putting his trust in me and giving me a project topic such as this and for having the faith in me to deliver. Sir, thank you for an opportunity to help me grow. My gratitude also goes out to the staff and administration of HNLU for the infrastructure in the form of our library and IT Lab that was a source of great help for the completion of this project.
* Ritu R Nichani
The objective of this project is to study democracy as a form of government in totality. Defining representation and participation in democracy has lead to a comparative study between three distinct world democracies – Switzerland, USA and India.
This Doctrinal research is descriptive and analytical in nature. Secondary and Electronic resources have been largely used to gather information and data about the topic.
Books and other reference as guided by Faculty of Political Science have been primarily helpful in giving this project a firm structure. Websites, dictionaries and articles have also been referred.
Footnotes have been provided wherever needed, to acknowledge the source.
Poet, revolutionary, genius and bumbler, the founder of the People's Republic was an icon to millions and, to a close few, a very human figure. Mao Tse Tung (1893-1976), was a revolutionary, political theorist and communist leader. Deeply influenced by the ideas of Marx and Lenin ( Marxism-Leninism ), his brand of communist policies known as Maoism involved guerilla warfare and had been greatly influenced by the Russian Revolution. A man with very rigid ideas and an unconventional way of doing things, he decided that the time had come for China to undergo a revolution after the failure of “The Great Leap Forward .” Devastated by the catastrophic effects of the Great Leap, he decided to withdraw from the active leadership of China and also retired as the Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). Two of the senior party leaders used this as an opportunity and introduced liberal economic policies. Mao felt that they were betraying socialist principles and abandoning the values of the communist revolution of 1949. Urged by his wife, Mao initiated the Cultural Revolution of 1966, his main objective being to root out so-called capitalist and imperialist elements that had infiltrated China and return to the values of the Communist Revolution. It was also designed to stabilize his position as the leader of China. Also referred to as an attack on the leadership of the Communist Party, Mao gathered a bloc of radicals that included Jiang Qing, Mao's wife, Lin Biao, the Minister of Defense, Chen Boda, Kang Sheng and Wang Dongxing. The cultural revolution may have been in many ways, a disaster for China but was a brilliant piece of guerilla action on Mao’s part in the power struggle he instigated. His vision of a developed China, the transition from an agrarian economy to one that could be at par with America may have been realized a few decades later but could be realized only because he saw the vision that he once did. Many...