Manusmriti

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  • Topic: Manusmṛti, Hindu law, Hindu texts
  • Pages : 8 (2454 words )
  • Download(s) : 323
  • Published : April 11, 2013
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Acknowledgement

The completion of work is impossible without the co-operation and help of a number of personalities. And it would be unfair if i do not acknowledge their help by paying sincere thanks to them.

First of all I would like to thanks Miss. Samriddhi Mam for guiding me. Without the guidance of you, it could have been very difficult to known my defaults and you help me in making them. I am highly grateful to all the persons without those support I would not b been able to conduct this project report.

Lastly, I would again like to thank everybody for her support.

(Neha Tewatia)

Contents

Introduction
Manusmriti is also known as ‘Manav Dharma Shastra’. Manav Dharma Shastra is one of the ancient Indian texts of high authority and merit which touches upon almost every aspect of human life. The Manu Smriti (smriti = remembered law) (also called Laws of Manu, the Law-Books of Manu, nor Manu Samhita, Manava Dharma Sastra, or Institutes of Manu) commonly known as the Code of Manu, is a well known law-book that is the earliest of all the post-Vedic writings, and is chief of the works classified as Smriti.It was written in a period of great transition when old ideas were changing, yielding place to new ones. SMRITI means what is remembered and is applied in general to a Hindu text other than the Vedas, including traditional Indian epics, the puranas and science.

Manusmriti was quoted, especially by the British colonial rules of India as ‘the law book’ of the Hindus. Manusmriti plays an important role in justifying and prescribing the detailed precepts of the caste system.

Society consists of four classes:-
* Brahmans (Teachers and Priests)
* Kshatriyas (Administrators and Army men)
* Aryas(traders, farmers)
* Shudras(unholy slaves)

Date and places of Manusmriti
Different scholars have given a range of timings for creation of this text, from 1500 BCE to 500 AD. However, the basic fact of the time period of existence of flood-figure Manu   and Bhrigu, compatriot and contemporary of Manu, who had his Ashram on the bank of 'Vadhusar River' in the Vedic state of 'Brahmavarta’ who were the authors of Manusmriti, is ignored all together, which happens to be the period of great floods,10,000 years ago, after last ice age having mentions in Persian book Avesta, Indian Sanskrit text Shatapatha Brahman and now scientific evidence is available on various websites. Floods had ravaged the Vedic state of 'Brahmavarta', located on the confluence of two huge Vedic rivers Saraswati and Drishadwati where the Ashrams of Devas were located. The state 'Brahmavarta' is now identified on the borders of North Rajasthan and South Haryana, mainly in and around Shekhawati and Jhunjhunu region of Rajasthan and parts of Haryana in the districts of Mahendragarh and Rewari on the basis of images of paleochannals of these rivers from satellites, geo-morphological studies of the soils, which confirm presence of soil particles of Himalayan rocks in the areas represented by Saraswati river, and mentions of the area in Mahabharat, Rigved, Shatapatha Brahmana, Manusmriti and various Puranas. As per epic 'Mahabharat' Bhrigu Rishi had his Ashram at 'Deepotsak' on 'Vadhusar' river, and his son Chyavana, on Dhosi Hill  a tributary of Drishadwati river, in the Vedic state of 'Brahmavarta'. As per Skanda Purana, Bhrigu Rishi had migrated to 'Bharuch', located on Narmada river later on. Even Archeological findings near Narmada river are dated more than 8500 years old and said to be belonging to post Bhrigu era, confirming that Bhrigu and Manu had existed some 10,000 years ago, and their creation 'Manusmriti' is that old. The identity of place 'Brahmavarta', the Vedic state where, sages Manu and Bhrigu had given the discourse, and Manusmriti was compiled is also confirmed by the fact that the nomenclature...
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