Patria potestas was the lifelong subjugation of a child to his or her father's will Manus Marriagemeant that a married woman would be subjugated by her husband, but that custom had died out by the 1st century BCE, in favor of Free Marriage which did not grant a husband any rights over his wife or have any changing effect on a woman's status. manus, in Roman law, autocratic power of the husband over the wife, corresponding to patria potestasof the father over his children. A daughter ceased to be under her father’s potestas if she came under the manus of her husband. There were two types of marriage known to the law, one with manus and one without, whom he could punish, sell, or even kill as he saw fit.
Divorce, in marriage with manus, was always possible at the instance of the husband In the early republic the family had formed a social, economic, and legal unity. The woman generally married into her husband’s family and came under his legal authority (or that of his father if he was still alive), and her dowry merged with the rest of the estate under the ownership of the husband. The husband managed the family’s affairs outside the house, while the wife was custodian within. Marriage was an arrangement for life; divorces were rare and granted only in cases of serious moral infractions, such as adultery or wine-tippling on the part of the wife. Manus was the autocratic power of the husband over the wife, corresponding to patria potestas over the sons. Marriage without manus,
by far the more common in all periods of Roman history except possibly the very earliest. The property of the spouses remained distinct
either party was able to put an end to the relationship at will. Formed by beginning conjugal life with the intention of being married, normally by bringing the bride to the groom’s house. (Provided the parties were above the age of puberty and, had their father’s consent) The wife remained under her father’s potestas if he were still...
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