Manuel L. Quezon

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  • Topic: Philippines, Quezon City, Filipino language
  • Pages : 8 (2951 words )
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  • Published : March 13, 2011
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ABSTRACT
Do you really know MANUEL L. QUEZON??? Well, I think almost people know him as the “Father of the Philippine National Language” and we always see him in a twenty pesos bill. But who is the real Manuel L. Quezon in the history of the Philippines??? Well to know him more, I spend a lot of time to gain more information about him by searching in the internet and reading books and I found out many interesting things about him.

As the result of my research I found out that Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina (August 19, 1878 – August 1, 1944) served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines. Quezón is considered by most Filipinos to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1897–1901). ). Quezon played a major role in obtaining Congress' passage in 1916 of the Jones Act, which pledged independence for the Philippines without giving a specific date when it would take effect. He fought for passage of the Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934), which provided for full independence for the Philippines 10 years after the creation of a constitution and the establishment of a Commonwealth government that would be the forerunner of an independent republic. As president, he reorganized the islands' military defense (aided by Gen. Douglas MacArthur as his special adviser), tackled the huge problem of landless peasants in the countryside who still worked as tenants on large estates, promoted the settlement and development of the large southern island of Mindanao, and fought graft and corruption in the government. A new national capital, later known as Quezon City, was built in a suburb of Manila. I also found out that Quezon is a long-time columnist and editorial writer of the Philippine Daily Inquirer and head of its "Speaker’s Bureau." He is also a columnist of and assistant managing editor and editorial writer for The Philippine Free Press weekly news. Quezon’s term, though chiefly known for making Pilipino the national language, tried to solve nagging problems inherited from the Spanish and American administrations. He directed his main efforts to bring about political stability, build up national defense against the threat of Japanese militarism, and strengthen an economy that was extremely dependent upon the U.S. He was also remembered for taking executive and legislative actions to implement his “social justice” program aimed at the underprivileged.

I. INTRODUCTION
Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina was born in the small town of Baler province of Tayabas on August 19, 1878. His parents are Lucio Quezon and Maria Dolores Molina, school teacher and small landholder of Tagalog descent on the part of southern Luzon. Manuel spent the early years of his childhood in his hometown among the common people. His first teacher was his mother. Quezon was privately tutored from 1883 to 1887; afterwards, he boarded at Colegio de San Juan de Letran, one of the leading institutions of learning in the capital city, where he finished secondary school in 1889. Quezon years at San Juan de Letran as a self-supporting student brought out of his latent potentialities. However, his mother died of tuberculosis in 1893, before he graduated summa cum laude with a Bachelor of Arts degree at the University of Sto. Tomas (UST) in 1894. He finished Bachelor of Arts degree at the age of sixteen. In 1898, his father Lucio and brother Pedro were ambushed and killed by armed men while on their way home to Baler from Nueva Ecija, because of their loyalty to the Spanish government. He cut short his law studies at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila in 1899 to participate in the struggle for independence against the United States, led by Emilio Aguinaldo. After Aguinaldo surrendered in 1901, however, Quezon returned to the University, obtained his degree (1903), landed fourth place in the 1903 Bar examinations, and practiced law for a...
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