Manipulation Is to Exploit a Person, or a Situation, for One’s Own Advantage. Hasn’t Each of Us Done This Countless Times in Our Life? Cried for Attention, Whined over Poor Grades to Receive Sympathy? the Language

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Manipulation is to exploit a person, or a situation, for one’s own advantage. Hasn’t each of us done this countless times in our life? Cried for attention, whined over poor grades to receive sympathy? The language technique used here is pathos… we appeal to other peoples’ emotions so that they may pity us. But the next person’s reply could be just as manipulative, with “It’s ok” or “You did great!” – The motive is to appeal to the person’s emotions and soothe them in their depression. Each person uses language as tools of manipulation – we manipulate language to manipulate people, treating both language and people as tools for our own ends. In the play, Othello, Iago is trusted by each character in the play because of his ability to create a façade of innocence and responsibility, of nobility and honesty. He does this by appealing to each person’s pathos, pathos and logos. Only we, the audience, know of his true character, because only in his solitude does Iago let his mask fall. Only in his soliloquies does he reveal his character of deceit and cunning, of jealousy and his desire to ruin Othello and Desdemona for his own selfish purposes. The rest of the characters in the play are not privy to Iago’s secret thoughts and are fooled by Iago’s exterior. As the perpetrator in their midst, Iago is able to understand others, such as in Iiii, where he says “The Moor is of a free and open nature.” From this, Iago is able deduce Othello’s limitations: that Othello “will as tenderly be led by the nose as asses are.” Iago is able to utilize those failings to achieve his own ends and to “pour pestilence into his [Othello] ear” – he says this in IIiii. In IIIiii, Iago exclaims “Ha! I like that!” just as Othello and Iago see Cassio leaving Desdemona. He uses his knowledge of people, and relies on Othello’s curiosity in order to continue his point of something not-quite-right. Intimation is used to emphasise this when he says “Cassio, my lord? No, sure I cannot think it...
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