Manifest Destiny

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Manifest Destiny
Manifest Destiny was the only justification for the Americans expansion West towards California. For a quarter century after the war of 1812, only a few Americans explored the West. Then in the 1840’s, expansion fewer gripped the country. Many Americans began to believe that their movement westward was predestined by God. Manifest Destiny expressed the belief that the U.S was ordained to expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican and Native American territory.

Traveling the trails west is one example of M.D. The settlers and traders who make the trek west used a series of old Native American trails as well as new routes. One of the trails was the Santa Fe Trail, was one of the busiest routes. It stretched 180 miles, from Independence, Missouri, to Santa Fe in the Mexican providence of New Mexico. Another was the Oregon Trail which stretched from Independence, Missouri, to Oregon City, Oregon (Settling the Frontier).

Then there was the Migration to Texas, the Mexican Government wanted to make the land more secure and stable, so they encouraged the Americans to settle in Texas. Only a few thousand Mexican settlers had migrated to what is now what we call Texas, after 300 years of Spanish rule. After 1820, Texas became an important region in Mexico and then and independent republic. After Mexico had won independence from Spain in 1821, and after freeing the missions from the Spanish Control, the Mexican Government offered the surrounding lands to government officials and ranchers.

My last example for the M.D. is the War with Mexico; the war began in 1845 due to violation of territorial rights. A military exploration party led by John C. Fremont, wondered into California sparking tension between Mexico and the U.S. Eventually the U.S. wins the war , leaving California in their control. On February 2, 1848 the U.S. and Mexico signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexico agreed to the Rio Grande as the border between Texas and Mexico,...
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