Mangerial Functions

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“Management is a practice that has to combine a good deal of craft, namely experience, with a certain amount of art as a vision and insight, and some science, particularly in the form of analysis and technique”-Henry Mintzberg. This quote stands out to me because it sums the role of a manager. In chapter 1 we have learned 8 managerial functions in which I believe are all a great approach to describing what manager do on a daily basis and what functions assist them to make wise “corporate” decisions. The four managerial functions that will be the main focus of my research includes planning, organizing, leading and controlling. I will break down each core management concept and explain the importance from the books view as well as my own point of view.

The first function known as primary is referred to as planning. When you think of the term plan, you think of simple steps like 1, 2, 3, for a manager it’s not quite the easy. A manager’s role in planning a complete task for an entire organization is a never ending course of action. A systematic objective would be the common routine to flow with but sometimes managers have to alter their course of action in accomplishing certain goals. Preparation for this stepping stone is known as strategic planning in which managers analyzes internal and external factors that may affect the company, its goals and objectives (Pakahare, Jayashree). Planning may sound like a great deal for one person but it is the least of a managers responsibilities. Planning is followed by the managerial function organizing, also one of the most important which should not be underrated.

“Organizing is a function by which the concern is able to define the role positions, the jobs related and the co-ordination between authority and responsibility” (Kreitner & Cassidy, P. 240). In my opinion, organizing should be the most important concept in a company, without organization there is no structure and a manager always have to organize in order to receive the best results. When organizing for a company, a manager performs with help of the following steps: Identification of activities, which means the activities being performed have to be identified first; Departmentally organizing the activities, whereas the manager groups similar and related activities into departments; Classifying the authority, in which a rank is given in order of hierarchy, and Co-ordination between authority and responsibility which employees are made aware of who they are to take orders from and who they report to. Great managers build collaborative relationships and understand their role in the company’s tactic. Outstanding managers know when to step further than that role and lead recognizing how to differentiate management from leadership.

The leading aspect of the managerial functions is more looked at as a role model. Leading helps the managers assist the staff to achieve the company’s goal as well as accomplish personal or career goals they have set aside for themselves. This function can all be powered through motivation, communication and encouragement from the manager, it is said that employees who are highly motivated and inspired on the job statically exceed expectations in their job performance which play an important part in achieving the company’s goal. It is a good idea for managers to have incentive programs for their employees to acknowledge a job well done and continue the growth within their business.

As a management function, control is the process of taking necessary preventive or correct actions to ensure that the organizations mission and objectives are accomplished effectively and efficiently as possible. This function involves evaluation and reporting of actual job performance (Kreitner & Cassidy, P. 448). Chapter 16 identifies three types of controls which are feed forward control that monitors inputs and prevent problems, concurrent control in which monitors processes and adjusts on going activities...
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