ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR ASSIGNMENT
MASTERS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
Explain what you understand by the term group dynamics and describe its characteristics
A Group is collection of individuals, the members accept a common task, become interdependent in their performance, and interact with one another to promote its accomplishment.
Group dynamics is the study of groups, and also a general term for group processes. A group is two or more individuals who are connected to each other by social relationships. Because they interact and influence each other, groups develop a number of dynamic processes that separate them from a random collection of individuals. These processes include norms, roles, relations, development, need to belong, social influence, and effects on behavior. The field of group dynamics is primarily concerned with small group behavior. Group dynamics exercises develop group cohesiveness and problem-solving skills, and encourage collaboration and creativity.
The theories in support of group dynamics include
Theory of Propinquity- People associate with one another due to geographical proximity.
Balance Theory- People who have similar attitudes toward certain objects and goals tend to form a group.
Exchange Theory- The reward-cost outcomes of interactions serve as the basis for group formation
The major characteristics associated with group dynamics or sometimes reffered to as group dimensions include
human beings and their behaviour are amazingly diverse, but within any given culture or group there is considerable agreement. Compliance with existing rules, or customs is called conformity. All groups make certain demands on their members.
i. to obey the norms of the group
ii. to accept sanctions or forms of punishment
iii. to give up rights (individual rights in favour of group interest).
Group members may conform for the following reasons:
i. Fear—fear of sanctions e.g.... [continues]
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