MODULE: ASPECTS OF MANAGEMENT
ASSIGNMENT TITTLE: MANAGING CHANGE IN BUSINESS
12TH NOVEMBER 2010
This essay will explore issues surrounding why “change” happen in businesses and what sort of implementation is needed in order to have an effective “change” in businesses/organisations. Things that will be looked at in this essay are communication, management styles and how people involved interprets the change they are experiencing. We now live in the world where change is happening frequently. Things such as technology, government legislations, environment, and business competitors and so on, are responsible for some of the change that is taking place in businesses (Hussey, 2000). Management plays a big part in making sure that every element is looked at before change is implemented. It will best to first look at what change is in business perspective. The www.standard.dfes.gov.uk website defines change in different forms, it states that change could be new materials, new behaviours/practices or new beliefs/understandings. In a way what it is saying is that change is something new to anyone’s routine of doing things.
Throughout the management history there have been some influential figures/theorists who contributed into the theory of management they are Abraham Maslow, Henry Fayol and F.E. Fiedler. Abraham Maslow is much known for his Hierarchy of needs theory. In his theory Maslow explains that every human being is capable of reaching their desired fulfilment (self actualising) as long as their needs are met. He talks about the needs as meeting the psychological factors i.e. hunger, being safe, being loved, having self esteem and self actualisation (www.employment-studies.co.uk). Contingency theory was created by F.E. Fielder(1970). In his theory Fiedler talks about two styles of leadership, the relationship leader and the task oriented leader he states that there is no correct style of how managers work. This theory uses the Least Prepared Co-worker (LPC) method to determine which leadership is more favourable by the subordinates. He believed that every situation have its own style of management therefore change can be implemented and be successful as long as the style used suits the situation. According to the contingency theory organisations adopt easily in order to fit with the change process (Hayes 2007) The most recent 20th century theories are Brightsizing and The Pickle Jar Theory. The brightsizing theory works by laying off some of its intelligent subordinates in favour of those who holds a most senior position in the organisation. This is the new trend in business management and as recession hit, lots of people would be lay of through the system of brightsizing. The government is going through change and lots of policies and regulations are being changed to accommodate the government proposed budget plan to continue getting Britain out of recession, which will have an effect on organisations and people working for them. However the Pickle Jar theory will be very good for managers when they are going through the process of change. The pickle jar theory emphasizes on time management and prioritisation of work. This is exactly what managers need to do when implementing change (www.business-studies.co.uk). On the other side there has been some critics about Brightsizing theory because if it is not planned carefully the structure and culture of the organisation will suffer(www.business-studies.co.uk). As Maslow state in Hierarchy of needs, if the people in the organisation feel unsafe about their jobs, this could affect their functions in the work environment, especially during the process of change. Before talking about managerial functions it is best to first find out what management is? “According to the Oxford dictionary management is to “manage” means to handle, to conduct, to control or to take charge of something. In a way we “manage” whatever we do, whether efficiently,...