M.S. in Plant Science
`Subject Professor in Biol 210`
MANAGING AND PROTECTING THE MANGROVE FORESTRY IN THE PHILIPPINES
KNOWN CONSEQUENCES OF MANGROVE DEFORESTATION
HISTORY OF MAJOR MANGROVE HABITAT USES AND CHANGES IN THE PHILIPPINES
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF MANGROVE HABITAT CHANGES
A. Environmental Impacts
B. Social Impacts
VI.MANGROVE MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS
VII.CONTRACT REFORESTATION PROJECT
VIII.SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
Filipinos, whose main daily diet consists of fish and rice, are highly dependent on the coastal resources. Traditionally in the Philippines, the development of coastal resources, including mangroves, has been exploitative in nature. Government policies, which dictated development in both the uplands and coastal areas, have been based mainly on abundant available resources without due consideration for sustainable options for future generations.
It was only towards the end of the 1970’s when the government realized the fishery value of mangroves. A National Mangrove Committee was formed in the then Ministry of Natural Resources, and a Mangrove Forest Research Center was created under the Forest Research Institute of the Philippines. Notsurprisingly, this “decade of awakening” was also significantly marked with an alarming decline in fish catch.
The 1980’s and 1990’s were marked with significant efforts to rehabilitate destroyed mangroves and related coastal resources. In 1981, small islands indented by mangroves containing an aggregate area of about 4,326 hectares were declared Wilderness Areas under Presidential Proclamation No. 2151. Also in the same year, Presidential Proclamation No. 2152 was issued declaring the entire island of Palawan... [continues]
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