Managing Activities and People

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-This essay will be explaining the development of group relationships and their importance in the workplace and the approaches used to motivate employees in the workplace. Motivation is what causes people to act or do something of their choice. The key to effective motivation is the ability of a manager or employer to identify the true needs of the employee. Motivation is important because you can understand why people behave in the way they do.

Motivation comes in any form of shape. To try and understand the human motivation is difficult. Sometimes the motives could be clear to the person but puzzling to the outside world and sometimes it could be clear to both parties which it will be easier for them to understand what is driving his/her behaviour if he/her is stressed. In a working environment it is important for managers and supervisors to be aware of these issues and take that into account when dealing with the person when it comes to work. For any individual to enjoy and work harder at work, they need to be motivated. Managers and supervisors need to work together to motivate the workers. They could motivate people by offering them discounts, extra training, incentives such as bonuses, holidays, peaceful environment, awards e.g. employee of the month.

Money is number one motive for workers; you want to be paid what is worth the job. Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856 – 1917) put forward the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay. His theory argued that workers do not naturally enjoy work and so need close supervision and control therefore managers should break down production into a series of small tasks. Workers should then be given appropriate training and tools so they can work as efficiently as possible on one set task and then they paid according to the number of items they produce in a set period of time- piece-rate pay. As a result workers are encouraged to work hard and maximise their productivity. Taylor’s methods were adopted as...
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