Organizational culture refers to a system of shared meaning held by members that distinguishes the organization from other organization. They are the values and behaviors that contribute to the unique social and psychological environment of an organization. Organizational culture includes an organization's expectations, experiences, philosophy, and values that hold it together, and is expressed in its self-image, inner workings, interactions with the outside world, and future expectations. It is based on shared attitudes, beliefs, customs, and written and unwritten rules that have been developed over time and are considered valid. It affects the organization's productivity and performance, and provides guidelines on customer care and service, product quality and safety, attendance and punctuality, and concern for the environment. It also extends to production-methods, marketing and advertising practices, and to new product creation. Organizational culture is unique for every organization and one of the hardest things to change.
MANAGERS AND ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE
Managers and organizational culture are the two sides of a coin where one cannot exist without the other. There are significant roles of managers in order to form or sustain the organizational culture; we cannot take managers out of the equation when dealing with organizational culture. It is the responsibility of managers to maintain and establish a positive culture. A good leader establishes a positive and healthy organizational culture by motivating his/her subordinates to perform at a high level, by promoting open communication, and establishing positive authority. Furthermore, to succeed in establishing a positive atmosphere and a culture where employees are encouraged to thrive, it is essential that managers go beyond good management and become great leaders. First and foremost, a healthy organizational culture motivates employees to perform. Motivation can be...
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