Management Theory and Practice: Ways to Prevent Dead Zones

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Management theory and practice
Assignment 1
How the managers differ from non-managerial employees ?

In larger organizations, management is often broken down into three levels that is upper management, middle management and lower management. Upper management includes top executives who are highest on the management hierarchy. Middle management includes department managers and division managers, who are the communication link between upper and lower management. Lower management includes first-line managers and supervisors, who are on the bottom of the management hierarchy. In smaller organizations, there is often only one level of management between the non-managerial employees and the organization's leaders. Smaller organizations also generally have fewer managers than larger organizations. Non-managerial employees are placed into categories according to their job functions. In an office environment, non-managerial job titles may range from administrative assistant to payroll specialist to computer technician.

For the first question, a manager is different from a non-managerial employee in that they carry a wider range of responsibilities.  For example, while a normal employee may only have to serve on a shop floor say, their manager may have to ensure that they are doing their job correctly and make sure that the shop remains fully stocked, perhaps as well as doing the tasks that their employee is required to do. It is for this reason that managers are often paid a higher wage than non-managerial employees, especially so as they often have more experience in the retail area. 

For the different in the span of control, this is a term that is often used in business, and refers to the number of people that a manager is responsible for. The wider somebody's span of control is, the more employees they are in charge of, and who are accountable to them. This idea also works in the other direction that if somebody has a narrow span of control, then they are not responsible for many employees. This is often the case for bosses who are higher up the hierarchy means that the further up the hierarchy of a business you are, the more responsibility you will have, and so to be in charge of many employees too would be too much to take on.  

On the other hand, there are also have a different by Organizational structures. For the example, there are many different types of organizational structures, all of which have their different strengths and weaknesses, and choosing the right one for your business can be stressful at first, but will be ultimately worthwhile in the end. By having an organizational structure implemented within your business, you can be extremely confident that things will run smoothly and effectively. This is particularly useful when things do not go the way you expected, as it allows you to get back on track quickly, with less hassle.

Besides that the most important things are Managers are the decision makers or delegators. This means that they set the goals and objectives of an organisation and are responsible for the success or failure of a business, therefore regardless of the fact that managers delegate, they take the credit of the achievements and suffer the consequences of the failure all by themselves. 

For the Non-managerial employees are the delegatees skilled and unskilled labour. They are assigned to perform various tasks and duties and are accountable to their corresponding managers, they do not participate in decisions making and are not liable for the organisation other than their part of the job.  In simpler words, the managers make the non-managerial staff do work for them in return of the incentives provided by them, and enjoy the success or suffer the failure on their own account.

As a conclusion, we can see that a few different between managers and non-managerial employees in many factor included their responsibilities, position in organisation and many others. So, that is why the...
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