Name: Taonga Emily mbuzi
Computer numb: 1021
Tutor: Mr. Muleya
Management is a process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives within a changing environment. (Kreitner R. 2007, p. 5) it has approaches, theories, principles which need to be learnt in order that we understand the nature of management properly and as would be mangers, apply them these principles to our day-to-day lives. In this assignment I will discuss the approaches (classical school approach and the behavioral historical theories) to management and their contribution to present day management. I will make use of the internet, lecture notes, modules and books for my research. The industrial revolution had major impacts on the usual way of business. As organizations became more and more complex, new and significant problems arose for which accepted business processes brought changes in the relationships of the employees to employers and to each other. The old management techniques were found to be less and less effective. New solutions had to be found. As there was no universally accepted theory of management, several approaches to the theory and practice of management arose. These approaches are based on different assumptions about behavior of people in organizations, key objectives of an organization, types of problems faced and solutions to those problems. Each of these approaches has contributed to the evolution of modern management thought and can be effective in different circumstances. (PowerPoint slide notes slides 12-24 unilus / 2012) Let us begin with the classical approach.
THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL APPROACH
These approaches developed in the early twentieth century. Its main lines of thoughts of this approach were derived from scientific management theory and administrative...