Management Theory and Practice

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Name| Jignesh J Bhatt|
Programme| PGDBM|
Semester| Semester I|
G.R. No| |
Year of Registration| July 2011|
Study Centre| Mumbai|
Subject| Management Theory and Practice|

CASE STUDY: 1

FW Taylor advocated scientific management and Max Weber advocated bureaucracy, with whom do you agree and why? Which is more relevant in today’s business world. -------------------------------------------------

INFERENCE

FW Taylor and Max Weber have equally been significant contributors towards the theory of Management.

However, Basis the study and research conducted on both the legends of management theory, it can be concluded that an application of management theory of scientific management in today’s business world has higher significance over bureaucracy in all field of business. However, a mixed application of both the theory in appropriate accordance is imperative in today’s business world in specified composition depending on the nature of management.

CASE STUDY

FW Taylor – Scientific Management

FW Taylor, very well known in the management literature as “The Father of Scientific Management”. Starting his career as an apprentice in a small machinery making shop, FW Taylor observed that his low production was largely on account of the fact that laborers practiced traditional methods of production. The techniques of management were all learned by “Trial and Error” approach. Nobody every paid any attention to discovering the exact nature of the work to be done or the best way of doing it. Hence he developed a motto which is being quoted as “a fair day’s work for a fair day’s wage”.

As per Taylor’s theory of scientific management, Planning and doing are two separate jobs and the job is driven in autocratic manner where responsibilities are shared by managers and workers.

Few principles laid down by FW Taylor in his Scientific Management approach are as follows:  
I. Managers and workers share responsibility for efficiency II. Cooperative labor-management attitudes
III. UPWARD and downward communication
IV. Managers consult with workers on job design
V. Decisions are made rationally – not arbitrarily

Basis the above approach FW Taylor had devised a systematic method of The Scientific Management which is listed below:

I. A Large Daily Task: Each person should daily have a clearly defined task laid out before him. The task should not in the least degree be vague or indefinite, but should be circumscribed carefully and completely, and should not be easy to accomplish.

II. Standard Condition: Each man’s task should call for a full day’s work and, at the same time, the workman should be given such standardized conditions and appliances to enable him to accomplish the task with certainty.

III. High Pay for High Success: Employee should be sure of large pay when he accomplishes his task. Loss in case of failure.

i.      Scientific Job Design - the one best way
ii.      Scientific Employee Selection
iii.     Adequate and Appropriate Training and Rewards
iv.      Division of Labor and Responsibility (management vs. workers - by type)  
Taylor’s management always practices elimination of waste of all types, whether of men or material. Taylor’s art of management was defined as “knowing exactly what you want men to do and then seeing that they do it in the best and cheapest way”.

Max Weber - Bureaucratic Theory of Management

Max Weber, a German scientist and philosopher, believed in traditional theory of bureaucratic management which is also termed as Classical organization theory. Weber’s Bureaucracies are arrangements of formal positions. Each position is defined by its specialized duties for which employees are selected on the basis of their technical expertise.

As per Weber’s opinion, the factors involved in the management of any organizations are: * The law and the traditional taboos of the society.
* Individual leadership...
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