ManagementPractice: Critical Analysis and Review
NILAM SANGROULA (NIEL)
Date of Submission: 13 April 2011
The article “Are vulnerable workers really protected in New Zealand?” is written by two authors namely, Danae Anderson, researcher at Work research Institute, Auckland University of Technology, NZ and Rupert Tipples, Associate Professor of Employment Relations in Faculty of Commerce at Lincoln University, Christchurch, New Zealand and is published in New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 39 (1): 52-67.
This article is concentrated on exploring the working condition of international migrant workers and pacific workers in primary sectors and are categorised as vulnerable migrants using Sargeant and Tucker’s 2009 framework. The writers have claimed that though protective measures have been adopted to defend the vulnerability of the workers, the result is still speech making only. The article has clearly identified the research topic and used secondary sources of the information to address the research questions. The article has been successful in raising the concerns of vulnerable workers in primary sectors such as exploitation at work, underpayment, employment dependency, visa conditions, lacking of formal written contracts for employment likewise, the article has been able to pull the attention of the concerned authorities to work and rethink to...
...ManagementTheory & Practice
Chapters 1 & 2
1) A ________ is an example of a first-line manager.
A) division manager
B) store manager
C) regional manager
D) shift manager
2) ________ have titles such as executive vice president, chief operating officer, and chief executive officer.
A) Team leaders
B) Middle managers
C) First-line managers
D) Top managers
3) ________ involves ensuring that work activities are completed efficiently and effectively by the people responsible for doing them.
4) Whereas ________ is concerned with the means of getting things done, ________ is concerned with the ends, or attainment of organizational goals.
A) effectiveness; efficiency
B) efficiency; effectiveness
C) effectiveness; effability
D) efficiency; experience
5) Today, the basic management functions include ________.
A) planning, organizing, commanding, and coordinating
B) planning, organizing, coordinating, and controlling
C) planning, organizing, commanding, and controlling
D) planning, organizing, leading, and controlling
6) Establishing strategies for achieving organizational goals is a part of the ________ function.
7) A manager resolving conflict among organizational members is performing which of the following functions?
The managementtheory and practice has changed over since the early 1900’s, while the economy developed. With the globalization and technology be used widely, the environment became more competitive. The social institutions feel pressure to face a new challenge. The management system should be innovated into the new conditions and challenges management and the new management made workplace more productive. The old management evolved from classical management approaches to modern management approaches. This essay will describe three parts of changing in management approaches: changing in the method of treating employees, changing the method of management problem solving and achieving modern management approaches.
The classical management approaches thought is developing universal principles for use in various management situations. The three major aspects are scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucratic organization. For scientific management, Taylor and Gilbreths advanced that “making results-based compensation a performance incentive, carefully design jobs with efficient work methods, carefully select workers with the abilities to du these jobs, training workers to perform jobs to the best of their abilities,...
...MANAGEMENTTHEORY AND PRACTICE
Q1. Explain Decision Making Process and various types of Decision with examples?
Ans. Decision making is six step process.
1) IDENTIFYING AND DIAGNOSING THE PROBLEM.
The first stage of decision making is identifying and diagnosing a problem or opportunity. Once a problem has been recognized, the decision maker begins to look for the causes of the problem. This requires gathering information, exploring possible causes, eliminating as many causes as possible, and then focusing on most probable causes. For eg, a manager who observes a high level of employee turn over first gathers information to diagnose the problem and then attempts to understand why the turnover is occurring. If the real cause of turn over is work and family conflicts due to inflexible work schedules and the manager assumes that it is caused by inadequate compensation and raised employee pay as a solution, the manager may not have solve the problem.
2) GENERATING ALTERNATING SOLUTION.
The second step is to generate possible solution to the problem based on the previous causes. Some problems can be solved using programmed solution, when there are ready made answers. Novel situation requires non programmed decisions because there are no policies or procedures available to provide directions.
Many companies use groups to generate solution for non programmed decisions because they provide a greater...
...MGT/230 – ManagementTheory and Practice
On April 20, 2010, approximately 4.9 millions of barrels of oil (Telegraph, 2010) spilled into the Gulf of Mexico immediately after an explosion that resulted in the loss of 11 lives and a total cost of 17.6 billion dollars. According to, Andrea Thompson of Live Science, “ROV robot subs, manufactured by a company called Oceaneering, have been an integral part of the effort to control the leaking oil.” The result of this tragedy has been top-down growth for Oceaneering and a complete and total restructuring of the organizational to adapt to the increasing growth. So how does a small air and mixed gas diving company adjust to the transition from a simple hierarchy to a multi-level divisional organization?
Started in 1964, Oceaneering International was as a mixed air and gas diving company. Today, Oceaneering provides engineered services and products for the global oilfield. Oceaneering provides remotely operated vehicles, built-to-order specialty subsea hardware, deepwater intervention and manned diving services, non-destructive testing and inspection, and engineering and project management (Oceaneering, 2013). This has been accomplished through the execution of a strategic growth plan that included acquisition of several tooling and engineering companies. As each company became a part of the Oceaneering family, the business...
...Bachelor of Science in Human Resource management school of business
Managementtheory and practice – assignment one
Name: Taonga Emily mbuzi
Computer numb: 1021
Tutor: Mr. Muleya
Management is a process of working with and through others to achieve organizational objectives within a changing environment. (Kreitner R. 2007, p. 5) it has approaches, theories, principles which need to be learnt in order that we understand the nature of management properly and as would be mangers, apply them these principles to our day-to-day lives. In this assignment I will discuss the approaches (classical school approach and the behavioral historical theories) to management and their contribution to present day management. I will make use of the internet, lecture notes, modules and books for my research.
The industrial revolution had major impacts on the usual way of business. As organizations became more and more complex, new and significant problems arose for which accepted business processes brought changes in the relationships of the employees to employers and to each other. The old management techniques were found to be less and less effective. New solutions had to be found. As there was no universally accepted theory of...
...return strategy was slowly drawn thereby proving that rationale based strategic decision making is at the heart of strategy.
It might also be argued that strategic decision making relies heavily on resource availability with decision making authorities. In other words, rationale for a problem at hand might have to be drawn with the help of available information and in terms of available solution alternatives. Solution alternatives might in turn be drawn from interactions between the two political systems therefore having to leave out decisions which cannot be made from the currently available information. Support for this perspective might also be drawn from literature. Herbert Simon in the year 1956 proposed the theory of bounded rationality. According to this theory, decision rationality as expressed by an individual in various contexts might be guided by available information, time and cognitive limitations of the individual. Under these circumstances, the constructed rationale is deployed to the process of decision making while leaving out decisions that do not comply with the rationale (March & Olsen, 1976).
Construction of a resource based rationale has been demonstrated in Apollo 13. It was soon discovered that Apollo 13 was venting out oxygen into the outer space and a proper reason for the same was not known. Based on a limited amount of information that was available with the control room at that time, it was decided that the...
... Mrs X is an 84 year old British lady. She has type 2 diabetes, hypotension and she is also MRSA positive. She was admitted to her local hospital where she was diagnosed with acute coronary syndrome and pulmonary oedema, but has now been transferred from her local hospital to this current care setting because of this diagnosis. After admission patient Mrs X had an angiogram, via right femoral approach, which has shown multi vessel disease (LMS, LAD, LCX and RCA). She had a failed angiogram via right radial approach. Mrs X has also had an Intra-aortic balloon pump inserted via right femoral approach. On arrival to the ward significant, vital observations were taken, these were blood pressure, O2 saturation, respiration rate and heart rate, her blood glucose level was also measured as she was diabetic. An admission ECG test was also done.
This patient has been chosen for the case study as a very effective care plan has been written for her needs while she is in hospital, also the care that Mrs X needs and the problems she is facing is very common for other patients on this ward, therefore it will help develop understanding for other patients as well as her and will also help build on further knowledge for the future. A very informative care plan has been developed for Mrs X by looking after from when she was admitted to the ward and seeing and reading about the problems she has. The involvement in her care has also helped nurses build a therapeutic relationship with her....