Effective managers are not necessarily true leaders and effective leaders may not necessarily be in the role of management. However, both management and leadership are important to an organization in order to achieve its goals. In this paper I will show the difference between management and leadership, examine the role and responsibilities of leaders in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture, and make two recommendations that will help to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture.
The Difference Between Managing and Leading
There is a significant difference between managing and leading. The verb manage means to handle or direct with a degree of skill, to make and keep compliant, or to exercise executive, administrative, and supervisory direction of whereas the verb lead means to guide on a way especially by going in advance, to direct on a course or in a direction, or to serve as a channel for (Merriam-Webster's OnLine Dictionary, 2005). Management is getting people to do something because they have to do it and leadership is getting people to do something because they want to do it. Bolton (2005) sums up the differences between management and leadership. Management involves planning and budgeting, organizing and staffing, and controlling and problem-solving. However, leadership involves establishing direction, aligning people, and motivating and inspiring.
The importance of leading is enormous but that does not mean managing is not important. Management and leadership are both vital to an organization. "To highlight the need for more leadership is not to minimize the importance of management or managers. It is to say that leadership involves unique processes that are distinguishable from basic management processes" (Bateman & Snell, 2004). It is also important to point out that even though managing and leading involve different processes, it is not necessarily different people who perform these... [continues]
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