Management: Islamic Perspectives

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Islamic management model
Abdus Sattar Abbasi
National University of Modern Languages, Islamabad, Pakistan. Kashif Ur Rehman
Iqra University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Amna Bibi
University of Peshawar, Pakistan.

Accepted 31 May, 2010
African Journal of Business Management Vol. 4(9), pp. 1873-1882, 4 August, 2010 Available online at
ISSN 1993-8233 ©2010 Academic Journals
Full Length Research Paper

Managing an organization is a skilful job. Today, globally operated organizations are faced with numerous challenges. How corporate leaders should approach their obligations is one of the important queries at the desk of business researchers. This paper provides Islamic management model; where leaders first surrender their authorities to ‘divine’ instructions and then gain knowledge and practices from those instructions for a holistic approach to organizational management. Surrendering to ‘divine’ instructions inculcates humility, responsibility and self-accountability among organizational leaders to fulfill their duties at their best. Holistic approach to organizational management provides corporate leaders with more options to deal with issues innovatively. This article concludes that Islamic management model is flexible enough to adapt according to the circumstances for maximum outcome of the organization. Key words: Management, holistic approach, surrender, responsibility, humility, accountability.

Islam means “The Surrender”, that is, men surrendering to God have will and purpose. Islam is an Arabic word that connotes submission, surrender and obedience. As a religion, Islam stands for complete submission and obedience to Allah. Another literal meaning of the word Islam is ‘peace’ and this connotes that one can achieve real peace of body and mind only through submission and obedience to Allah. Islam consists of submission and obedience to Allah, the Lord of the universe (Maududi, 1960). Islam created a unique management paradigm that nurtured civility, prosperity, diversity and happiness among people of different creeds and ethnic origins around the globe for more than 1000 years (Abbasi et al., 2010). In today’s global scenario, Muslims must commit themselves to building organizations that simulate the inspiring Islamic management model. Islamic perspective on management studies is an important area of research for modern management scholars (Abbasi et al., 2010). Islamic perspectives are described and discussed on the basis of revealed sources of Islamic knowledge, al-Qur’an and Hadith, considering them as valid for the purpose of research (Kazmi, 2003).

Al-Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam. In Islamic teachings, al-Qur’an is the book of ‘divine’ guidance and direction for mankind. According to Islamic faith, al-Qur’an is the last revelation to Muhammad (PBUH) by Allah (God) through the angel known as Gabriel. Hadith

Hadith is an oral tradition relating to the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Ahadith (plural) are regarded as an important source of teaching in Islam. Success of the organization greatly depends on leadership. Even if the corporation is flush with cash and has wealthy investors, leadership is still regarded as the first element for the success of management (Kvint, 2009).

Muslims have to fully carry out in practice the instructions given by Prophet Muhammad (blessings of Allah and peace be upon him) as ordained by God. These instructions are enshrined in al-Qur’an and Ahadith. The believer understands that wealth is in God’s hands and He apportions it out as He likes. Honor, power, reputation and authority (everything) is subjected to His will and He bestows them as He wills. Man’s duty is only to endeavor and struggle fairly. He knows that success and failure depend on God’s grace. If God wills to give, no power in this world can prevent Him from doing so and if He does not...
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