Management Information Systems for Hospitals
Table of Contenets: Introduction (p 2)
2.1 Hardware (p4)
2.2 Software (p4)
2.3 Connectivity (p5)
2.4 Security (p7)
3.1 Introduction: SDLC (p9)
3.2.1 Preliminary Investigation (p9)
3.2.2 Systems Analysis (p10)
3.2.3 System Design (p10)
3.2.4 Programming (p11)
3.2.5 Testing (p11)
3.2.6 Conversion (p12)
3.2.7 Production and Maintenance (p13)
4.1 Problems and solutions of departments by information system (p15) 4.2 Additional benefits of departments and medical management system (p16)
5.BIBLIOGRAPHY (p18 )
2. QUESTION 1
Information Systems automate many steps that was formally performed manually, it can change the flow of information and make it possible for more than one person to access the information and eliminate delays in decision making. (Laudon.Laudon 2010:74) The information systems are not integrated, there is isolation. Some of the departments have better information systems than others. Some is computerised and other have to be performed manually. If integrated the performance of the hospital can be bettered. Quality management is a problem the manual system have to fall away if they want to improve decision making of the medical staff. Inadequate Databases for some departments, there is duplication of databases for patients being on a computerised system in finance and on a manual database in medical. There is no unified storage system. There is a problem with patient information, everything gets done manually. This becomes a even bigger problem because in the hospital environment patients lives are dependant on this information example is the cardiac bypass surgery that nearly when wrong. With the manual system medical records are: *lost in the system.
*Can not be easily accessed
*Open to human error
Accounting and finance department have got a information system that can access patient accounts, visits to the hospital and medical aid fund. This is not integrated to the medical department where they still have to use a manual system. The systems are not integrated with the different departments / divisions, there is isolation. Accounts function on its own with a good information system. An Integrated Information Management System is concerned with integration of all the information flow of the organization. Doctors are dependent on the inadequate manual system. Nurses have to perform all their vitals (blood pressure, temperature and pulse) and record manually throughout the day. This results in an inadequate Database for the hospital.
An information system is the interrelated components that collect, process, store and distribute information to support decision making and control in an organisation. Information is data that have been shaped into form to be meaningful to humans. Data refers to raw facts representing events that occurred in organisations before they have been organised to be 3. useful to humans. The function of the information system is to produce useful information to the organisation that they can use to make decisions, control operations and better their services. The information system performs three activities it collects the raw data as input, process this data to be meaningful and produce a output for end users. .(Laudon.Laudon 2010:46) In stead of making use of technology to have a integrated information system the hospital is using a traditional information system regarding the patient information. Medical staff capture all information manually on a patients chart. This information with patients medical history can not always be used...