Management Information System

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Faculty of Business, Economics and Public Policy
University of Brunei Darussalam
Negara Brunei Darussalam

Semester II (2011/2012)

Module Title:
Management Information System (BB5107)

Coursework:
How can IS/IT help my Organization?

A coursework submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Masters of Business Administration (MBA)

Name| Hj Mohd Shril Hj Matsawali|
Registration No.| 11M0030|
Programme| Master of Business Administration|
Lecturer| Dr Hj Mohammad Nabil Almunawarah|
Deadline| 15th April 2012|
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Abstract
This research approaches the issues on role of Information System and how it help organizations, with the aim of finding some conditions that make the organizational context able to manage the change process needed to really get the potential benefits of these technologies. This paper will further explain the process, types, benefits and how to ensure effective implementation of information system.

Introduction
In any business organization, data is the most important thing. Different type of information is produced from data. When the amount of data is large, it becomes more difficult to process this data manually. In order to get quick results and timely information, an Information System is used in almost all organizations.

Information Systems (IS) development raises many important challenges to organizations. Nowadays, depending on the type of organization, to some extent business processes are supported by some kind of IS. It is not unusual to have in some organizations information and procedures islands lacking from a desirable integrated access to information.

Managers are increasingly recognizing the competitive and strategic value of information systems. It has been considered that information is the most valuable assets in any organization apart from its personnel, financial capital, plant and equipment because it describes these physical resources and the environment in which they exist. Owning and upgrading their information system is now not an option in this technology-driven era; it is a requirement because organization that use an up-to-date information system to gather, assimilate, and evaluate internal as well as external information are gaining competitive advantage over other firms.

What is an organisation?
Organization is a social unit of people, systematically structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals on a continuing basis (http://www.businessdictionary.com). An organization is a stable, formal social structure that takes resources from the environment and processes them to produce outputs. (http://phaariz.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/laudon-feature-3.pdf)

They are also bureaucracies with clear-cut divisions of labor and specialization and arrange these specialists in a hierarchical manner in which everyone is accountable to someone and authority is limited to specific actions governed by abstract rules or procedures that must abide by laws.

The organization is devoted to the principle of efficiency: maximizing output using limited inputs. Other features of organizations include business processes, organizational culture, organizational politics, surrounding environments, structure, goals, constituencies, and leadership styles.

Organization is also considered to be an information entity (Lucas H. R. Jr (1994). This means that organization collect and assemble data from number of sources. Data is considered by scholar to be streams of raw facts representing events occurring in organizations or the physical environment before they have been organized and arranged into a form people can understand and use which is usually called information. Information is data that have been shaped into a form that is meaningful and useful to humans.

The information however was viewed as an unfortunate, costly by product of doing business –...
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