Zherebenko Dasha, group 5.
Management: Art or Science?
So, my topic is “Management: Art or Science?” and I’m going to tell you about different definitions of management, some known schools and modern approaches to management. Furthermore, I’ll tell you about Taylor’s, Fayol’s and Drucker’s contribution to management, its functions and principles And in conclusion I’m going to speak to you whether management is art or science. So let’s begin. So, starting with definitions of management I can name at least 3 definitions of management that make it more understandable for me. The first states that management is the art and science of making appropriate choices. The second one that management is getting work done through people. And the last but not the least is developing people through work. During my topic I’ll explain why I’ve chosen exactly these definitions. Even if management as a science appeared more than 100 years ago, it is a part of everyone’s life for more than 1000 years. Since the 19th century there were three main schools that used three approaches to management: classical, behavioral and quantitative. Let’s see them in details. The central belief in classical school of management is that worker and equipment productivity can be increased by applying the rational analysis to the production and management functions. Great contribution to the development of this school was made by Taylor and Fayol, but I’ll tell about it a little bit later. The next approach was behavioral. While adherents of classical school tended to ignore the human element, behaviorists in contrast stressed the human factor in business. Great emphasis in that school was placed on human motivation and group dynamics. These two ideas of these schools are the reason for my choosing definitions I’ve told you before. Then, in the 1960th new, quantitative, approach began to emerge. Stressing the use of numbers, the approach allows the use of statistical studies of group workers,...
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