The full scope of management
Management has different definitions, from different theorists. There are various ways of describing management, so in this assignment the different definitions of management would be discussed and we would also see how most of the definitions are similar, along with their functions. We should consider management look at why management is very relevant. We should see how the various views of these management theorists are similar and also if they contrast. Management, as defined, “is the activity of getting things done with the aid of people and other resources efficiently and effectively, it is a feature of most human circumstances; domestic, social and political, as well as in formally established organisations”(David Boddy, 2008, ps.10). We human beings perform different activities everyday such as; eating, drinking, playing and they are related to management etc. According to Mary Parket Follet, “Management is the act of getting things done through people. So management is an activity because a manager accomplishes his task or objective with the help of others and also directs these people in order to obtain his objective, so management achieves its objectives through people, so management is quite useful to people.
In management there are various activities that are carried out. These include informational activities, decisional activities and inter-personal activities and all these activities are to be done by a manager. Management endeavours are done to encourage individual activities that will help accomplish all goals. Thus, managers must always keep organisational goals in thought.
“Management is also the process of reaching organisational goals by working with and through people and other organizational resources”. (Samuel. c. Certo, eight editions, and p.s6) this definition is quite the similar to the first two definitions. They both say that management has to do with achieving its goals through the aid of people and resources, that’s to say, that, every type of human organisation requires the process of management which helps to make human daily efforts productive.
Management is a globally known. It is also a very widely used term. It’s used in all organisations; political, cultural or social organisation. All these organisations are involved in management because management aids and guides the various processes required to achieve a purpose.
It can also be said that “management is both a universal human activity and a distinct occupation”. (David boddy, 2008, p.s9). Management as a human activity occurs when human beings decide to take responsibility and do their best to format the progress and result of an activity. When people manage their work, they take responsibility of everything in that organisation and make sure that they achieve their purpose and that it has a positive outcome, thus “Management is an expression of human agency, the capacity actively to shape and direct the world, rather than simply react to it”. (Hales, 2001, p. s2).
Management concept is universal and very old. That’s why there are different views expressed by writers and theorist about the nature of management. But the continuous development of management principles has changed the nature of management. Most people consider management as being only an art but management is also a science.it is the art of making people more operative and active than they would have being without it. According to Harold Knootz, “Management is the art of getting things done through and with the aid of people in formally organised groups”. Management is considered an art rather than a science mainly because the skills of management are more of a personal possession and is intuitive. Management is also a science in the sense of how it is done. Just as how science is a systematized body of knowledge which is based on adequate observation and findings and this findings apply safely in all situations. In...
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